* Communication and intellectual development
* Social, emotional and behavioural development
Child development stages describe different milestones through a child’s growth from birth to 19 years. There is a wide variety of aspects that may include genetic, cognitive, physical, family, cultural, nutritional, educational, and environmental factors that affect child’s growth and development. Age| Physical development| Communication and Intellectual Development| Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development| 0 – 6 months| * Movement of hands and feet * Blinking eyes * Sucking, closing their fists * Gain weight * lift their head, touch, pull * control eye movement * sit with support * start eating * lay on stomach and push body forward * begin to grab objects| * Learn through senses * Following objects * Recognition by hearing * Communication by giggling and crying * Smiling * Cries in different ways to communicate * Recognise faces| * Smiles to be friendly * Likes to be held and played with someone known to them (close family members) * Cries in different ways (hungry, sleepy and wet ) * Fears loud and unexpected sounds, * In pain * Infant cries to express different feelings| 6m – 12m| * Begins to sit up independently * Crawl and walk with support * Hold and throw objects * Try to reach for high objects * Start scribbling * Push and pull things * Begin teething * Roll a ball with hands * Enjoy playing with their toys| * Learn and respond to simple instructions * Able to recognise faces * Likes to hear objects repeated a few times * Memorise where certain objects may be kept (toy box, food item etc) * Saying their first few words * Communicate by pointing at things * Understanding with body and facial expressions| * Children very attached to mothers * Starts to talk in baby language (babbling sounds) * Getting upset on refusal of receiving a toy * Afraid of new faces * Likes to be hugged and cuddled * No understanding of sharing toys|
Age| Physical development | Communication and Intellectual Development| Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development| 1yr – 2yrs| * Walking independently * Holding a cup * Start eating independently * Wave hand to say goodbye * Looking at picture books * Using leg muscle to push baby car back and forward * Tries to climb up and down the stairs * Scribbles on paper (they think they are writing or something)| * Recognise different tones of speech * Can say some simple words * Communicate through one to two word sentence * Very curious, like to explore| * Like to perform a small act to entertain family members * Become very distressed/disturbed if separated from known adults * Like to drag a favourite toy or object everywhere they go * Doesn’t like to share with others of own age * Plays alone * Very attached to mother * Tantrums start| 2yrs – 3yrs| * Very hyper * Never sits in one position * Runs, kicks, throws a ball * Jump as high as they can * Begin to control their bowels and bladder * Pen/pencil control * Tries to write * Drawing imaginative pictures * Pour water from one container to another| * Communication becomes much clearer (use of more words/maybe a full sentence) * Enjoy singing simple songs and rhymes * Concentration/attention span is very short * Respond to simple instructions * Try to group objects by category (shapes, colours, objects) * Enjoy listening to stories| * Display aggressive feelings and behaviour * Fearfulness (might be scared of dark or scared of water) * Get frustrated very quickly if they cannot undress themselves * Demanding adult attention at all times * Emotional tantrums shown if demands not met...