Personal financial planning is a process through which financial plans are developed and implemented to achieve personal financial goals. An individual can develop these goals in a fashion consistent with his or her emotional needs and preferences. As a process, personal financial planning is dynamic and prospective as well as immediate and retrospective. Furthermore, it can be adjusted to changes in goals, emotional orientation, available resources, and the economic environment.
Personal financial planning covers the key elements of one's financial affairs and provides a plan to achieve financial goals. Income level is one input in the process but does not dictate its importance. An efficient, well-developed personal financial plan can help to maximize an individual's wealth and quality of life given his or her income and goals. If desired goals cannot be met with a given level of income, financial planning will help evaluate what is really important and establish realistic and attainable goals. Thus, financial planning is important regardless of one's income.
The personal financial planning environment is made up of three key groups, all of which Bill will contact directly or indirectly. Government establishes an intangible structure in which an economy or society must function. It levies taxes to fund its operations and institutes regulations which direct and control the actions of the participants in the economic environment. Businesses produce goods and services, employ labor, and use land and capital. They receive money as payment for their goods and services and pay wages, rents, interest, and profit. Businesses are a key part of the circular flow of income supporting our economy. Businesses establish the price and availability of goods and services in our economy through competitive interaction with each other and interfacing with government and consumers. Finally, the consumer is the focal point of the financial planning environment. Consumer...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document