Đạo Đức

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1/Introduction
We all know that law is very important in the society. The law is something that the human has created to adjust the society by introducing justice. The law is given out to discourage people from harming each other, some laws are written to prohibit self-harm, promote the common good, resolve disputes and encourage people to do the right thing. Fairness and equality that are set by courts and governments are applied to everyone within their jurisdiction. As you know, everyone has various thinking that lead to different actions, not any actions also bring positive effects. Besides, it will be a disaster if people in a society will do actions that are solely base on their principles. If there won't be law, nothing will stop the people on doing things that they want, they will cause chaos in the society. So to ensure security and fairness in the society, the law was created to enforce everyone in society live together rightly, and as peaceable as possible, even though a lot of these laws are controversial but we need them to work together. According to the author of professional ethics book defined that: “The law is a set of rules established by a society to govern behavior within that society”. Obviously, rules of law are unable to be created by themselves, rules of law come from opinions and acceptances of majority of citizens in that society. But there are also other definition about the law: “ The law can be defined as a consistent set of universal rules that are widely published, generally accepted and usually enforced”. This law gives out the rules for the limit of actions which everyone must do, if they don’t do them, law will give punishment to you. Law is constituted by five characteristic: consistent, universal, published, accepted and enforced. And these characteristic will support and add together to create perfect law. So the requirements to act or not act have to be consistent and never have two requirements contradict each other as obviously people cannot obey both. In addition, the requirements to act or not act also have to be universal, or applicable to everyone with similar characteristics, facing the same set of circumstances. Besides, we must ensure that these requirements will be conveyed to citizens as clear and simple as possible to read and understand them. If they have questions, there will be trained professionals such as attorneys are available to interpret and explain the law for them. Furthermore, these requirements have to be obeyed. If everyone in society voluntarily disobeys the law, the government would have to be compelled to do so. Last but not least, members of the society have to understand that if they do not choose to do so voluntarily, they will be compelled to obey the law. If everyone disobeys the law, they will suffer some loss of convenience, time, money, freedom or life. There are 4 basic processes in the formation of the law: individual process, group process, social process and political process. But we only analyze two processes: individual process and social process. Clearly, each process has a various importance but they always support and connect together to create a perfect law. 2/Individual process

The first thing, we must identify the importance of individual toward the law. Obviously, individual plays the important role as initial resource for the change of law. Individual affects and impacts directly on culture and historical context. Each individual has a set of norms, beliefs and values which collectively form moral standards. Firstly, we have to discriminate three concepts: Firstly, Norms are criteria of behavior. They are the ways an individual expects everyone to act when faced with a given situation. As an illustration: all children should greet the adult first with a smile to express politeness. Secondly, Beliefs are criteria of thought. They are the ways an individual expects people to think about given concepts and they are an abstract way...
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