Republic Act No. 4670 or the Magna Carta for teachers is a declaration of policies for teachers about their rights, provisions, and compensations to promote and improve their living and working conditions, their terms of employment and career prospects and to attract and retain in the teaching profession more people with the proper qualifications.
The Magna Carta sets the measures for teachers to be qualified to teach for each year level of their choice. This is an important aspect because it emphasizes that certain education should be met before on can be a teacher. Let’s take for example the minimum requirement for Kindergarten and elementary level, a teacher in this level should at least be B.S. Elementary Education graduate. This would mean that a teacher in a vocational course cannot easily shift to teaching Kindergarten unless this criterion is met.
The working hours of teachers were also specified, and the corresponding compensations when one exceed on its regular work hours. The criteria for salaries was also provided to insure that teachers are compensated within reasonable standard of life for themselves and their family and they shall be properly graded so as to recognize the fact that certain positions require higher qualifications and greater responsibility than others. Special hardship allowance will also be provided for teachers working in the remote areas, those who have difficulty commuting to the place of work as determined by the Secretary of Education.
Medical examination shall be provided free of charge for all teachers and shall be repeated not less than once a year during the teacher’s professional life. If in case medical examination show that treatment and/or hospitalization is necessary, same shall be provided free by the government entity paying for the salary of the teachers. This also goes the same for injuries. Teachers shall be...