A+ Software Chapter 3 Key Terms

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KEY TERMS

Active Directory - A Windows server directory database and service that is used in managing a domain to allow for a single point of administration for all shared resources on a network, including files, peripheral devices, databases, Web sites, users, and services. Administrator account- In Windows 2000/XP/Vista, an account that grants to the administrator(s) rights and permissions to all hardware and software resources, such as the right to add, delete, and change accounts and to change hardware configurations. Boot loader menu - A startup menu that gives the user the choice of which operating system to load such as Windows XP or Windows Vista which are both installed on the same system, creating a dual boot Boot partition- The hard drive partition where the Windows 2000/XP/Vista OS is stored. The system partition and the boot partition may be different partitions. Client/server - A computer concept whereby one computer (the client) requests information from another computer (the server). Cluster - One or more sectors that constitute the smallest unit of space on a disk for storing data (also referred to as a file allocation unit). Files are written to a disk as groups of whole clusters. Disk cloning - Making an exact image of a hard drive, including partition information, boot sectors, operating system installation, and application software to replicate the hard drive on another system or recover from a hard drive crash. Also called disk cloning or disk Distribution server - A file server holding Windows setup files used to install Windows on computers networked to the server. Domain - In Windows, a logical group of networked computers, such as those on a college campus, that share a centralized directory database of user account information and security for the entire domain. Drive imaging - Making an exact image of a hard drive, including partition information, boot sectors, operating system installation, and application software to replicate the...
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