University of the Philippines Manila | College of Allied Medical Professions Department of Occupational Therapy | Block 21 – Occupational Therapy SS 2012 – 2013 Young Adulthood Ms. Faith Deanne Mari B. Caube 16 January 2013 YOUNG ADULTHOOD
Age Range: 20 - 40 years old Difference of development o Changes due more to personal, social, cultural events rather than chronological or biological changes o Hallmark of maturity - adapt and change in accordance to new conditions o More gradual changes --> does not fit neatly into a stage development theory o The primary meaning of adult is social (Rice, 1995). Changes are attributed to social factors and relationships o Marked by culturally defined milestones, and by roles and relationships that are part of cycles of family and career (Craig, 1996) The relationships that you will build during this stage are relatively permanent.
The Age Clock Used to define or judge behaviors, expectations, and pressures of adulthood Motherhood Physically- dependent jobs They may consider themselves old because they are no longer fit to do previous easy tasks. Definitions of Age o Biological age - life expectancy o Psychological age - adaptation to environmental demands o Social age - in comparison to cultural norms Maturity o Needs a certain social and biological factors o More dependent on psychological factors Physical and social independence and autonomy Independent decision making Stability Wisdom Reliability Integrity Compassion o Maturity is the psychological ability to work and to love (Freud). PHYSICAL CHANGES Physical status o Peak of vitality, health, strength, energy, and endurance 25 years old is the prime in terms of strength. All motor systems are at peak during this age. Dispatch the young to do battle. OT 121: Lifespan Development and Occupation II Young Adulthood
Peak of sensorimotor skills 25 – 30: peak of physical conditioning, strength, motor skills, organ functioning 20 -40: peak of visual acuity 20 -45: peak of taste, smell, temperature, and pain sensation Gradual hearing loss (more apparent after 25; particularly with high pitched sounds) o Most physical decline occurs after 30s (10% loss until 60s) Fitness and health o Generally healthy age period o Health patterns established in young adulthood are generally resistant to change Adolescence is a storming period of change but when one enters young adulthood, it is expected that one‟s biological systems are already stabilized. Common Illnesses due to occupational hazards o Chronic back pain – by overworking selves and the effect of stress o Respiratory illnesses o Premenstrual syndrome o Sexually transmitted diseases Highest among young adults and adolescence Due to poverty, drug use and risky sexual activity o HIV - 40 million people infected worldwide, 95% from developing world Males - lead cause of death Females - 4th cause of death Common Causes of Death o 3 causes that account for 72% in the early 20s and 51% among 25 - 34 year olds Accidents Homicide Suicide o AIDS - single leading cause of death in males aged 25-44 o YA has the lowest death rate among adult groups However, in the entire adult lifespan, young adults have the lowest death rate.
MORBIDITY o Defined as the occurrence of illness o Symptoms often appear in YA Genetically-determined diseases (diabetes, sickle cell anemia) (hypertension, ulcers, Stress-linked depression)
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Factors Linked to Health Status o Genetic factors However, if purely genetics, it should be seen early (right after birth) Multi-factorial diseases (genetics and environmental) Diabetes Atherosclerosis (narrowing of vessels due to fat planks) Obesity Cancer health conditions Mental predisposed to come out during YA such as schizophrenia o Health threatening behaviors Nutrition...