NAME OF THE MONUMENT XIAN Tomb
TYPE OF MONUMENT Tomb
LOCATION: Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province China
DATE OF CONSTRUCTION, and/or CONSECRATION: Construction started in 246 B.C. and it lasted for 36 years. In 1974 the tomb was discovered east of Mount Li, China. A group of farmers were digging a well there and found the tomb. The name of this dynasty is the Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.)
BACKGROUND ON ARCHITECT and CULTURE: Chinese Culture changed during the Qin Dynasty. There was an increase in trade, agriculture, and military protection. The central government now had direct control of the population, allowing the ability to have a much bigger workforce. Many projects such as the Great Wall of China were done because of this. The Qin Dynasty had several reforms in China’s society; such as money, advanced writing system, and the weights and measurements became the same units. Book burning and burying of scholars occurred due to the desire to purge all traces of the old dynasties. The Qin’s military was revolutionary due to the fact of more developed weaponry, transportation, and military tactics. All this was done even though China’s government was strict and bureaucratic. Future Chinese regimes were influenced because of this Dynasty.
Qin Shihuang was the emperor that was buried in the tomb. He was the first emperor of China. After 200 years of war between 6 states, he unified China. His rule only lasted for 15 years, but left a lasting impact on the country’s history. A few of Qin’s remnants were the legalist principles, a Chinese philosophy that followed hard discipline agreeing to the rule of law. This belief helped Qin to rule the masses in a more centered power order and show a very influential way to rule, but this did now allow for disagreement to occur.
Qin introduced a uniform written language which helped the government to communicate and carry out policies. Scholars could share...