World War Ii Vocabulary

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1. Appeasement—the making of concessions to an aggressor in order to avoid war 2. Axis Powers—in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936 3. Third Reich—the Third German Empire, established by Adolf Hitler in the 1930s 4. Nonaggression Pact—an agreement in which nations promise not to attack one another 5. Blitzkrieg—“lightning war”—a form of warfare in which surprise attacks with fast-moving airplanes are followed by massive attacks with infantry forces 6. Charles de Gaulle—a French general who went to London to set up a government-in-exile committed to reconquering France 7. Winston Churchill—British prime minister that pledged that Great Britain would never give in to the Nazis 8. Battle of Britain—a series of battles between Germany and British air forces, fought over Britain in 1940-1941 9. Atlantic Charter—a declaration of principles issued in August 1941 by British prime minister Winston Churchill and U.S. president Franklin Roosevelt, on which the Allied peace plan at the end of World War II was based 10. Maginot Line—a system of fortifications along France’s border with Germany 11. Phony War—a war when the French were waiting for Germany to attack but they did nothing and the Germans were waiting for the French to attack and they equally did nothing 12. Luftwaffe—German term for “air force”

13. Operation Sea Lion—a plan made by Hitler to knock out the Royal Air Force and then to land 250,000 of his soldiers on England’s shores 14. Erwin Rommel—a general known as the “Desert Fox” sent by Hitler to Libya to command a newly formed tank cops, the Afrika Corps 15. Operation Barbarossa—Hitler’s plan to invade the Soviet Union with the use of tanks and aircraft in June 1941 16. Battle of Stalingrad—a 1942-1943 battle of World War II, in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union 17. Isoroku Yamamoto--

18. Pearl Harbor—the site in Honolulu, Hawaii,...
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