World Religions Study Guide

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ESSAY on Buddhism Four Noble Truths:
1. Life is suffering (dukkha)
2. Suffering comes from desire (tanha)
3. Getting rid of desire
4. Right behavior through 8 fold path
THEREAVADE SOUTHEAST ASIA Teacher ideal : Arhat
MAHAYANA largest JAPAN AND CHINA Savior Ideal: the boddhisattva

Hinduism:
Yoga- an action to form of bonding with God.
Types- Karma – yoga of action/ work
Jhana- yoga of knowledge
Bahkji- yoga of devotion most important
Raja- highest form of yoga
Vedism: Brahmin’s studied veda texts which our prayers. Arians came an invaded and changed it to classic Hinduism. Vedism to classical Hinduism through a need for more INTERNAL EXPIERENCE through Upanishads, which were prayers. Vedism became Classical Hinduism through a need for more internal

Judaism: 3 main : Land, People, and Belief. 3 main people Abraham, Moses and David Prophetic message God wants love and justice
3 types: Hassidic follow the strict rules, Conservative: pray a lot take service very seriously. Secular: rarely particpate. Covenant: agreement with God that Yahweh would never abandon his people.

Yahweh would be with them and never leave them. Nature of the prophetic message: GOD WANTS LOVE AND JUSTICE TO FLOW LIKE A RIVER

Islam: Traditional covering material. Five Pillars
2 major groups of Muslims: Sunni and Shieitist
Sufism= Mystical Sunni= Largest, ALL OVER Shia= Mostly Iraq/Iran ayatollah: leader The principles that regulate the private life of Muslims in their dealings with God. 1.Shadah= the first pillar There is no god but God, and Muhammad is His prophet 2.Canonical prayer

3.Charity:
4.Observance of Ramadan
5. Pilgrimage to Mecca

Confucianism relationships among friends and family vs Neo-Confucianism: is a development of Confucianism and adopted what was in Buddhism, Taoism (meditation) scholars helped to reinvent neo-Confucianism (essentially keeping the family together)

Confucianism is family related. Taosim is nature...
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