Womens' Liberation Movement Notes

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The Women's Liberation Movement
AKA: Women's Lib Feminist Movement
or Women's Rights Movement

"Feminism is the radical notion that women are human beings"

-women fighting male power structure

Women, you may be feminist if you:
-had lots of choices after high school
-had the option of college/grad school
-have a career/job and family
-plan to be a doctor, lawyer, engineer (professional)
-support fair work salary for any work
-workplace is free of sexual discrimination
-participate in women's sports
-go to a woman doctor
-vote in any political race
-run for any political office
-intend to use daycare
-can get a divorce (custody)
-"You have the choose of wearing jeans and tennis shoes instead of a girdle and heels"

"man is not the enemy here but the fellow victim" -Betty Friedan

-If civil rights are denied by somebody, it affects everybody

Men, you may be feminist if you:
-are in college or have had other opportunities because of mom's good job to contribute to income -mom had support services to help raise you/siblings
-have a content, stay at home mom
-have ever been asked out by a girl (or paid)

Understand and Appreciate Art
-How is it put together?
-What do I personally bring?
-Where did it come from? (Context)

The First Wave of Feminism 1848-1920
-Women's Rights Convention
*Seneca Falls, NY: July 19-20, 1848
-19th Amendment
*ratified June 26, 1920
*voting day: November 2, 1920

Second Wave of Feminism 1960s-70s

State of Women's Rights in 1848 by Custom and/or Law
-Economic
*could not buy/sell property
*could not enter into contracts without husband's consent
*actually seen as property
-Social
*no recourse to spousal abuse
*no divorce without husband's consent
*few custody rights over kids
*could not go out in public alone
-Educational
*denied any education
*denied education in math, language
*most could not go to college
*could not enter the professions (law, engineering)
*some women attended "female seminars" or "academies" to become teachers; once they were married, however, they were fired -Political
*could not serve on a jury
*could not testify in a case (too emotional, not trustworthy) *could not vote (not smart, too delicate, "vote like husband")

Lizzy Borden: acquitted by a jury of 12 men: "not guilty" of killing her two parents "Lizzie Borden took an axe
And gave her mother forty whacks.
When she saw what she had done
She gave her father forty-one."

The Birth of the Women's Movement
-Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott attended the World Anti-Slavery Convention with their husbands in London; they were denied seats because they were women -The women reunited at a tea party at the McKlintock House in July 1848 (Seneca Falls, NY) and decided on a convention -Stanton mostly wrote the "The Declaration of Rights and Sentiments" *"We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal"

List of Grievances
-never exercised the right to vote
-he made her morally, an irresponsible being
-in the eye of the law, married women were "dead"
-denied right to education
-denied divorce rights
-demeaned to second-class citizens

Women's Rights Convention, July 19-20, 1848
-300 men and women gathered at the Wesleyan Methodist Church, Seneca Falls, NY -Ratification of their Declaration
-Fight over the 11th amendment (suffrage)
-Frederick Douglass (great orator, ex-slave, equivalent to Malcolm X) fought for women's rights at the convention: compared value of women as lesser than animals in society

Video Clip Notes: Not for Ourselves Alone- Seneca Falls
-narrations from female historians reflecting
-procession of women to Seneca Falls
-July 19, only women attended; July 20, open to all (over 300 men and women) -Lucretia's husband was asked to lead (the women were nervous because they never spoke in public) -men decried women of their rights

-68 men and women signed their Declaration
-11 new...
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