What Is a Lesson Plan?
by Melissa Kelly
Definition: A detailed description of the individual lessons that a teacher plans to teach on a given day. A lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide instruction throughout the day. It is a method of planning and preparation. A lesson plan traditionally includes the name of the lesson, the date of the lesson, the objective the lesson focuses on, the materials that will be used, and a summary of all the activities that will be used. Lesson plans are a terrific set of guidelines for substitute teachers. * A lesson plan is a framework and a road map, which each teacher will create using an individual style. A good lesson plan is one that sees the “big picture” but includes detailed information for each activity. It's a good idea to organize your lesson plan as a unit plan. Each unit plan will cover a particular topic, and may be broken down into daily plans. An effective unit plan will include the following: * Objective(s)
* While easy to ignore, identifying objectives from the beginning will vastly simplify instruction and assessment. * Activities
* The meat of your lesson plan will be the various activities you use to teach students what you want them to learn. * Time estimates
* Including a time estimate for each activity allows you to divide your unit plan into days and periods of time. * Required materials
* Spend some time writing down exactly what materials you need for each activity so that you will be better prepared for your lesson. * Alternatives
* It is always wise to plan ahead for absent students, especially if a large part of your plan is a simulation that can be hard to make up for those who miss it. * Assessments
* Decide in the beginning how you are going to assess your students to help focus your instruction on what the students actually need to learn. * Unit plans are a good way of organizing your teaching. The beauty of putting together a unit plan...
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