What Is Salmonellosis

Topics: Heart, Blood, Nervous system Pages: 5 (1540 words) Published: December 17, 2012
Medical Factors-
A micro-organism that affects salmonella.
What is salmonellosis?
Salmonellosis is an infection with bacteria called Salmonella, which generally affects the intestines and occasionally the bloodstream. It is one of the more common causes of diarrheal illness. Who gets salmonellosis?

Any person can get salmonellosis, but it is diagnosed more often in infants and children. How Salmonella bacteria spread and affect the digestive system? Salmonella are spread by eating or drinking contaminated food or water OR by contact with infected people or animals; Also because the bacteria enter the body through the digestive system, symptoms will generally be in this part of the body - nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhoea. In some cases, food poisoning can cause very serious illness or even death. What are the symptoms of salmonellosis?

People infected with Salmonella may experience mild or severe diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever and occasionally vomiting. Bloodstream infections can be quite serious, particularly in the very young or elderly. A carcinogen that affects nicotine.

Nicotine is an alkaloid substance found in cigarettes. It is responsible for the mood-altering effects of smoking. Nicotine, derived from tobacco plants, is responsible for aiding in addiction to cigarettes, and can be extremely harmful to the body. Inhalation

Nicotine enters the lungs during inhalation, where it is transported by tobacco smoke from cigarettes. The nicotine is carried directly into the lungs, where it crosses through the lining of the lungs and into the blood vessels. From the lungs, the nicotine travels to other areas of the body, including the brain and nervous system. Respiratory Distress

Within the respiratory system, nicotine can wreak havoc. The drug irritates the system and causes inflammation. The nicotine also causes constriction of the blood vessels, making air exchange more difficult in the lungs. This, in turn, can cause difficulty breathing. Those with asthma, especially, may find that the effects of their condition are displayed by smoking cigarettes. Smoking can also cause chronic bronchitis.

Social factors-
The use and misuse of drugs that effect of solvent abuse on nervous system Abuse of solvents is most common among adolescents and younger children, especially between the ages of 13 to 15, who often use them to gain peer-acceptance. These chemicals, which are easily and cheaply available, are often "gateway drugs" that young people use before moving on to other drugs of abuse. Types of solvents include glues, gasoline, rubber cement, aerosols, antifreeze, gasoline, correcting fluid, room deodorizers, paint thinners, nail polish removers, shoe polish, cooking sprays, and household cleaners and waxes.

Methods of Use
* Inhaling gas or vapours from bags or balloons ("bagging") * Drinking solvents mixed with alcohol
* Sniffing directly from containers
* Spraying aerosols directly into mouth
* Inhaling through a soaked cloth or other material placed directly over the mouth ("huffing") * Heating and inhaling
* Injection
Effects on the Central Nervous System
Inhaled solvents cross rapidly into the blood, and because they are fat soluble, they arrive quickly in the brain. This is because the myelin sheath that covers nerve cells and the neuronal membrane has a very high fat content. Once these contents get into the central nervous system, the solvent acts immediately, depressing the functioning of the nervous system. Unfortunately, the inhaled solvents also begin to eat away the fatty tissues of the brain and the rest of the central nervous system. Over the long term, devastating neurological damage can result.

Diet and Exercise that has effect on obesity on circulation system The cardiovascular system's function is to pump the blood around the body. Obesity can have a major affect on this system. It can lead to diseases such as coronary heart...
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