What Is Psychology?

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Chapter 1 What is psychology?
Behavior  | Everything we do that can be directly observed.| |
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behavioral approach  | A psychological perspective emphasizing the scientific study of observable behavioral responses and their environmental determinants.| |
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biological approach  | A psychological perspective that examines behavior and mental processes through a focus on the body, especially the brain and nervous system.| |
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cognitive approach  | A psychological perspective that focuses on the mental processes involved in knowing: how we direct our attention, perceive, remember, think, and solve problems.| |
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critical thinking  | The process of thinking reflectively and productively, as well as evaluating evidence.| |
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evolutionary approach  | A psychological perspective that uses evolutionary ideas such as adaptation, reproduction, and "survival of the fittest" as the basis for explaining specific human behaviors.| |

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Functionalism  | An early school of psychology that was concerned with the functions and purposes of the mind and behavior in individuals' adaptation to the environment.| |
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humanistic approach  | A psychological perspective that emphasizes a person’s positive qualities, capacity for positive growth, and the freedom to choose any destiny.| |
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mental processes  | The thoughts, feelings, and motives that each of us experiences privately but that cannot be observed directly.| |
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natural selection  | An evolutionary process that favors organisms' traits or characteristics that are best adapted to reproduce and survive.| |
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Neuroscience  | The scientific study of the structure, function, development, genetics, and biochemistry of the nervous system.| |
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positive psychology movement  | The push for a stronger emphasis on research involving the experiences that people value, the traits...
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