Washington, Adams, Jefferson Presidencies

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Washington, Adams,and Jefferson Presidencies

Washington Inauguration
elected by electoral college unanimously April 30, 1789 1st real test of constitution
defined lots of roles and traditions of executive
Washington's Crew
Sec. Of State- Jefferson
Sec. Of Treasury- Hamilton
Sec. Of War- Henry Knox
Attorney General- Edmund Randolph
Pres. met with these men regularly for advice on major policies Creating Court System
only court mentioned in the constitution was supreme court Judiciary act of 1789- one chief justice and 5 associate judges could make decisions on constitutionality
13 district courts and three circuit courts of appeals Hamilton
to address the govt. financial difficulties
assumption- consolidate debts from states to natl. govt. and pay off protect the “infant” industries- high tariffs to collect duties on all imported goods and limit competition natl. bank- depositing govt. funds and print bank notes to stabilize US currency Arguments of the national bank

Elastic clause- can create laws which are necessary and proper loose constructionist
constitution permitted everything not expressly forbidden Washington agreed
Feared that states would lose power that the federal govt. gained strict constructionist
forbade everything it didn’t permit
weak central govt. in favor of states
Birth of Political Parties
Federalist- Hamilton, Adams and Marshall
aristocracy
encouraged industry
favored alliance w/ great Britain
strong central govt.
Dem-Republicans-Jefferson and Madison
associated w/ masses
development of agriculture
Washington and NA's
Indian intercourse act 1790- congress regulate trade w/ Indians and western land acquired by treaty Americans continued to settle on Indian lands
led to bloody scrimmages
TIMMMMMMMMBBBBEERRRRRRR!
Battle of Fall Timbers
NW Ohio
US army led by General Anthony Wayne defeated some Indians Treaty of Greenville
Ohio territory given to Americans and open to settlement Whiskey Rebellion
angered by excise tax on distilled whiskey
small band of PA farmers march toward Philly
attacking tax collectors on the way
Washington sent 15,000 troops led by Hamilton causes rebellion to collapse Jefferson disagrees
new govt proves effective in handling crisis
West Side
After states gave up western land claims congress encouraged western settlement Public Land Act (1796) orderly procedures for dividing selling federal lands at a reasonable price VT '91 KY '92 TN '96

Proclamation of Neutrality (1793)
believed America could not handle a European war
went against popular belief and chose to stay out of war Jefferson resigned from the cabinet in disagreement Disrespecting Washington
French minister Edmond Genet continued pressure Washington after Proclamation broke all and talked directly to the people to support the French WA wanted ambassador removed

Jefferson supported the removal
french recalled Genet
remained in US and became citizen
Jay Treaty (1794)
Jay was sent to Britain to talk about seizures of US ships Britain agreed to withdraw troops and pay damages for ships America agreed to pay debts
angered French supporters
maintained neutrality
Pinckney Treaty
effect of Jay Treaty
Spain wanted to consolidate holdings in America
Thomas pinckney minister to Spain
Spain agreed...
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