Us Presidents

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22) Grover Cleveland
1885-1889
Political Party: Democrat
Main Issue: Dispute with Canada over fishing rights. Controversy over the back of money by either gold or silver, or the issue of bimetallism. Institutions accepted one or the other, causing havoc and inflation/deflation.

23) Benjamin Harrison
1889-1893
Political Party: Democrat
Main Issue: Pullman Strike .Harrison’s presidency is marked by the high McKinley tariff, higher than pre-civil war tariffs and the highest in American history. He attempted to make it better than it seemed by introducing reciprocity policies.

24) Grover Cleveland
1893-1897
Political Party: Democrat
Main Issue: Surplus in the US Treasury was high, so Cleveland advocated tariff reform to reduce tariff rates, an idea opposed by Republicans but supported by Democrats. He did not want to take more than the government needed from the people.

25) William McKinley
1897-1901
Political Party: Republican
Main Issue: Despite economic struggles during his campaign, he was able to receive the Republican nomination, promising that high tariffs would lead to economic prosperity. The economy did in fact grow during his term.

26) Theodore Roosevelt
1901-1909
Political Party: Republican
Main Issue: Teddy Roosevelt took office after McKinley’s assassination. He was able to campaign years later.

27) William Howard Taft
1909-1913
Political Party: Republican
Main Issue: Taft was given momentum from the campaigning support of popular Roosevelt. Taft’s policies echoed Roosevelt’s greatly.

28) Woodrow Wilson
1913-1921
Political Party: Democrat
Main Issue: Wilson promoted the “New Freedom”, instituting less federal government involvement in monopoly powers.

29) Warren G. Harding
1921-1923
Political Party: Republican
Main Issue: Harding campaigned for a “Return to Normalcy” after WW1. This included three changes: isolationism, nativism, and the deviation from government activism.

30) Calvin Coolidge
1923-1929
Political Party: Republican
Main Issue: Coolidge became president in 1923 when Harding died in office. He was credited for a booming economy at home and no visible crises abroad.

31) Herbert Hoover
1929-1933
Political Party: Republican
Main Issue: Hoover advocated isolationism after WW1 just as presidents before him. He also campaigned to reform immigration laws.

32) Franklin D. Roosevelt
1933-1945
Political Party: Democrat
Main Issue: After Hoover’s term, FDR battled him for the presidency, attacking him for the depressed economic state of the country. He proposed “immediate and drastic reductions of all public expenditures,” and for “sound currency to be maintained at all hazards.”

33) Harry S. Truman
1945-1953
Political Party: Democrat
Main Issue: Harry Truman took office on April 12, 1945 when Roosevelt passed away.

34) Dwight D. Eisenhower
1953-1961
Political Party: Republican
Main Issue: Eisenhower dealt with foreign policy and mainly three things: Korea, communism, and corruption. He said that the liberation of communist countries should be peaceful. He also promised an end to the war in Korea as well as a corruption-free US government.

35) John F. Kennedy
1961-1963
Political Party: Democrat
Main Issue: One issue of his campaign was the fact that he became the first Roman Catholic US president. He was able to keep his campaign secular, ultimately outdoing Nixon.

36) Lyndon B. Johnson
1963-1969
Political Party: Democrat
Lyndon Johnson had no election because he was JFK’s Vice President and took office after his assassination.

37) Richard Nixon
1969-1974
Political Party: Republican
Main Issue: Nixon was aware of the US’ nuclear power tension with other world powers, so he promised a peaceful end to the war in Vietnam. He did not specify his plan, but remained bold in his intention to reunite the nation.

38) Gerald Ford...
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