A) "dedication to Allah."
D) "people of the book."
2) The political and theological faction within Islam that recognized only Ali and the descendants of the family of Muhammad as rightful rulers was called A) Fiqhs. B) Kharij. C) Sunnis. D) Shi'is. E) Sufis.
3) One difference between classical China and the earlier Hwang Ho river-valley civilization was that in classical China, A) irrigation was widely practiced.
B) China became relatively isolated.
C) farming was important.
D) traditions emphasized the harmony of nature.
E) religious sacrifices were suppressed.
4) Which of the following best survived the Hun invasions in India? A) Aryan traditions
B) political unity
C) Buddhist beliefs
D) Hindu beliefs
E) nationalist beliefs
5) Roman slaves were used for all of the following EXCEPT
A) agricultural labor.
B) military service.
C) work in the mines.
E) household care and tutoring.
6) What was the nature of citizenship within the Umayyad Empire? A) The Umayyads recognized all residents of their empire, whether Muslims or "peoples of the book" as full citizens. B) Arabs rapidly lost their dominance in the Umayyad Empire to the native residents of Persia. C) Only Muslim Arabs were first-class citizens of this great empire. D) Malawi were accorded full rights of citizenship.
E) All converts to Islam, regardless of their ethnic origins, were full citizens and members of the elite.
7) The Senate of republican Rome particularly represented
A) the landed aristocracy.
B) the non-native Romans.
C) the merchants and businessmen.
D) the emperors.
E) the urban workers.
8) If the Greek genius was politics, the Roman genius was
9) Hindu ethics involved
A) attack on all opposing religious faiths.
B) finding ultimate happiness.
C) emphasis on an individual carrying out the obligations of life. D) a detailed set of prohibitions on sexual activity.
E) condemnations of money-making.
10) Hellenistic society registered special advances in
A) religious thought.
D) Latin literature.
11) The "lessons" of late Han China and the late Roman empire are that the decline of a civilization, whether temporary or permanent, A) results from social rebellion in which the poor attack the rich and tear down their institutions. B) follows inevitably from centralized, unrepresentative government. C) results from a lack of religious conviction.
D) is not simply the result of attack by outside invaders.
E) results from undue dependence on slavery.
12) The wars to defeat rival prophets and restore the unity of Islam were called A) dhow.
D) the first fitnah.
13) Which of the following were the most venturesome sailors in the classical world? A) South Indians
E) Northern Chinese
14) What was the primary cultural contribution of the Muslims during the Abbasid period? A) Although the material culture of the Abbasid period remained poor, Muslims were able to make some advances in music. B) The Muslims were able to recover and preserve the works of the ancient philosophers as well as transmit from one civilization to another. C) Islamic culture excluded any recognition of the achievements of earlier civilizations. D) Islamic learning was necessarily unique, as they had no access to the ancient traditions of philosophy and science. E) The Muslims became extraordinarily adept at portraiture, focusing on depictions of Muhammad and the early Caliphs.
15) The development of agriculture caused important changes in all of the following EXCEPT A) the tendency to believe in many gods.
B) population size and life expectancy.