Unit EYMP 1 Context and principles for early years provision AC: 1. 2 M
EYMP1 A2: Different approaches
Indentify four different approaches to working with children and record these in the table below. Explain how each approach has influenced current early year’s provision in the UK
Approaches to working with children and how has this influenced current early years provision in the UK?
There are four different approaches to working with children
we use Reggio Emilia this comes from a town in Italy the heart of the approach is a focus on partnerships with children and parents and them begin involved in their own learning children need control over some of their own play and learning we acts as facilitators. children learn using all their senses, children learn from play and enjoy being with others need a rich environment so they can learn and express themselves in a variety of ways EYFS linked practitioners provide opportunities for child led play, themed enabling environments that prompt us to think about how rich the environments are for children, emphasis on sensory and outdoor play, children learning through play with others. E.g. When Children play in a group with peer they learn social and emotional skills.
The High / Scope approach began in the United States as a way of improving outcomes for disadvantaged children. It research shows which stresses that children should be involved in decision making and take responsibility. And setting using approach will typically expect that children learn through play their own imaginary learning. Review that and report back to other children is believed to be active learners and play through using lots of variety resource for learning. Also routines are very important in children s life to gain stability. EYFS link practitioners are provide verity of opportunities for child –initiated play. Also practitioners are encouraged to talk to children about their learning and extend that activity with involving them self. E.g. providing role model also character such as a doctor, police men and builder cloths and equipment for play
The originally approach that method organised by Maria Montessori, who want to use this method for Disable children to improve children outcome. This approach is important for practitioners as an observer of children who can support children learning sensitively by making appropriate involvement. The term ‘play with a purpose’ is at the heart of Montessori as equipment and resources have specific learning objectives and provide children with step by step challenge to make progress. Using EYFS link practitioners are need to observes children individually in order to provide for their play and learning activity. E.g. Providing focus activity such as metal maths, or counting objects asking lots of questions and teaching different approach to get the answer.
The Steiner approach has it origins in the work of philosopher Rudolph Steiner who founded a school after the First World War (1918) known as the Waldorf School. The Steiner approach emphasises the importance of fostering children’s creativity and imagination, their understanding and exploration of the natural world and the natural world and the important of the practitioner as a role model. A routine from a key part of the kindergarten as does a blend of adult-directed and child-initiated play. Manufactured toys are not used as these are thought to inhibit children’s natural curiosity and imagination formal reading and writing does not begin until children are 7years old and there is an emphasis on working according to children’s personalities....