Unit 2 Study Guide

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The declaration of the rights of stamp act congress 
"Lastly, that is the indispensable duty of these colonies| -Parliament attempted to raise money through direct taxes. -They passed the stamp act, which required almost all printed material, including newspapers, and other printed material produced in the colonies to carry a stamp purchased from authorities.  -Stamp act managed to offend all free colonists, both rich and poor.  -Colonists felt that they shouldn't be taxed since they weren't represented in parliament.  -In October of 1765, The Stamp act Congress wrote a declaration of the Rights of the Stamp Act, saying that the colonists still held allegiance to the British Nation, but insisted that the right to consents taxation was essential to freedom and demanded the repeal of the stamp act.  - In result, merchants throughout the colonies started to boycott British goods until parliament repealed the stamp act in 1776. - This was the first major cooperative action among Britain’s mainland colonies.| Common Sense by Thomas Paine 1776

" As a long and violent abuse of power"| -Thomas Paine was an English craftsman and minor govt official whom emigrated Philadelphia late in 1774. -He offered vision of broad American independence. ---He wrote Common sense in 1776, which argued that the English constitution produced a corrupt king, rather than being the most perfect system of govt, which the british had claimed.  -He also stated that being a member of the british empire was a burden, not a benefit. - Common sense was written in a form that could be read by all colonists, since other pamphlets at the time only appealed to those whom were educated. - Common sense ended up being one of the most influential political pamphlets ever produced, and contributed to the decision to cut ties with great Britain.| Abigail Adams 1776

"I long to hear that you have declared an independency. and by"| -Abigail Adams was born in Mass in 1744. She married lawyer John Adams in 1764, whom was a leading advocate for American Independence. - While John was in Philadelphia and Europe serving the American cause, Abigail stayed home and took care of their children and the house, and exchanged letters with him. - In the letters, she expressed that john remember the ladies when creating new laws. John seamlessly laughed this off.  -She also asked that husbands not have absolute power over women, and that if particular attention wasn't paid to the women, a rebellion could ensue. | Decleration of Independence 1776

" The histoty of the present king of great britain"| On july 2 1776, congress officially declared the us an independent nation. Two days later, congress approved the decleration of independence, which was written by Thomas Jefferson and revised by congress.  It consisted mostly of lengthy grievances against king george III. The biggest impact of the decleration was the preamble, which defined basic rights that no one could take away. The decleration completed the shift from the rights of Englishman to the rights of mankind as the object of American independence.| Article 1 section 2 of constitution 1787

"Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned"| Constitutional convention was arranged to bring upon revistions to the articles of confederation.  -The final document was signed in 1787. In it, it included article 1, section 2 of the constitution which focused on those who represent the country and how they were chosen.  -It said that the house of representatives would composed of elected members by people of the states. And whenever there were openings in representation, elections would be held to fill vacancies.  -The house of representatives would choose their speaker and have sole power of impeachment.| The federalist no 51 1788

" In the extended republic of the United States, and among the great variety of interests,"| To gain support for ratification of the constitution, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James...
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