1. Signal transmission speed of radio & TV waves
The speed of light
2. Difference between networks, ONO, and affiliates
Networks: make program bundles available exclusively to its affiliates ONO: Owned and Operated. Type of affiliate that is owned by one of the Networks (CBS, NBC, ABC, Fox, etc.) Affiliates: Local stations (WSVN, WFOR, etc.)
3. Differences between pre-, production, post-
Pre-: What happens before we go out to shoot
Production: Time of shooting
4. Application of pre-, production, post-
Pre-: Costuming, research, hiring actors, etc.
Production: Shooting video for the production
Post-: Editing (including music editing). ADR (automatic dialogue replacement). 5. Linear vs. nonlinear editing
Linear editing is a tape based system while nonlinear editing is a computer based editing system. 6. Time in television
In normal television there are 30 frames per second of video. It is written in the format of hours:minutes:seconds:frames 7. IFB
The earpiece the anchor-person wears
8. Staging News and ethics
Staging News: Faking the news. This can get you fired.
9. Call letters for local TV stations
Call Letters| Station Number| Station Affiliation| Owner| WFOR 4| 4| CBS| CBS|
WTVJOldest TV station in the state of FL| 6| NBC| NBC|
WSVN 7| 7| Fox| Sunbeam|
WPLGPLG stands for the guy who created the station| 10| ABC| Post-Newsweek|
10. Positions in the newsroom
* Talent: anyone on camera, including voiceovers
* Executive Producer: person providing funding for the production * Producer: person who purchases materials and services in the creation of a finished program. Hires staff, crew and talent – the production team. * Director: in charge of the creative aspects of the program and interacts with the entire staff. * Production Manager: handles business portion of production including contracts, staff requirements * Production Assistant: “jack of all trades”
* Floor Manager: director’s “eyes and ears.” Knows floor director cues. * Camera Operator: runs the camera in a studio
* Video Engineer: responsible for video quality.
* Audio Engineer: runs the sound board
* Audio Technician: sets up microphones, etc.
* Lighting Director: decides placement of lights, including the use of filters * Gaffer: assistant to the lighting director (Gaffer’s Tape: no goo when you take it off) * Scriptwriter: responsible for placing the entire production on paper. * Content Specialist: works with scriptwriter on continuity * Graphic Artist: create the artwork for the program
* VTR Operator: in charge of recording the program…at times, will also play the components of a program * Editor: puts the various pieces of the entire program together. * Makeup Artist: responsible for applying cosmetics to the talent * CG Operator: runs character generator software (Chyron®). * Grip: moves scenery, equipment and props
* Maintenance Engineer: keeps production equipment in working order
Newsroom Chain of Command
Vice President of News
News Director – in charge of the entire news product
Assistant News Director
Managing Editor – in charge of Executive Producer – over all ‘production’/behind the producers and newscasts scenes side
Producer – in charge of a single newscast, writes show
Asst. Producer – assigned to a single newscast, assists in writing show Interns – everybody is an intern at some point. An intern is at the VERY LOWEST POINT on the food chain.
11. Items from Broadcast News
Should the news be information or fun and exciting?
12. Subscriber TV
Subscriber TV is a fee-for-service programming where customers pay scheduled fees based on the selected programming package. The television...