Tools for Metacognition

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Christina Pashby Faculty Development Day April 5, 2013

4 Q’s


3 W’s Tools for




The top 4 of the 10 most critical job skills for 2013 identified by Forbes (found in 9 out of 10 most in-demand jobs)

No. 1 Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

No. 2 Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

No. 3 Judgment and Decision-Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate ones.

No. 4 Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate and not interrupting.

Thought – Information -- Output
Critical Thinking

Problem Solving
Remembering Forgetting Organization Interpretation Focus Attention Thinking





Tools for Metacognition: Moving

Why think about thinking or metacognitively?
Metacognition includes the ability to ask and answer the following types of questions:

What do I know about this subject, topic, issue? Do I know what do I need to know? Do I know where I can go to get some information, knowledge? How much time will I need to learn this? What are some strategies and tactics that I can use to learn this? Did I understand what I just heard, read or saw? How will I know if I am learning at an appropriate rate? How can I spot an error if I make one? How should I revise my plan if it is not working to my expectations /satisfaction? Thinking metacognitively is a skill of lifelong learners Notice that “Do I get credit for this?” is not one of the...
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