Teaching Knowledge Test
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TKT GLOSSARY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING (ELT) TERMINOLOGY The words in this glossary are entered into categories to help the reader. Some entries fall into more than one category. However, to economise on space they have only been entered once. Candidates preparing for specific modules should, therefore, ensure that they are familiar with all the terms in the glossary. The list is indicative only. Other terms may also appear in TKT.
MODULE 1 Concepts and terminology for describing language
Please note that you should refer to a grammar reference book for more detailed information about the grammar items in this Glossary, and also that the list of grammar items in this section is not exhaustive. Active voice In an active sentence, the subject of the verb usually does or causes the action, e.g. The car hit the tree. See passive voice. Adjective An adjective describes or gives more information about a noun or pronoun, e.g. a cold day. See comparative adjective, demonstrative adjective, -ing/-ed adjective, possessive adjective, superlative adjective. Adverb An adverb describes or gives more information about how, when, where, or to what degree etc something is done, e.g. he worked quickly and well. Apostrophe A punctuation mark (’). The ’ is added to a singular noun before an s to show that something belongs to someone, e.g. John’s house. Article An article can be definite (the), indefinite (a/an) or zero (-), e.g. I was at (-) home in the sitting room when I heard a noise. Aspect A way of looking at verb forms not purely in relation to time. Aspect relates to the type of event, e.g. whether it is long or short, whether it is complete or not, whether it is repetitive or not, whether it is connected to the time of speaking or not. There are two aspects in...