Theory of Holism

Topics: Systems theory, Psychology, Reductionism Pages: 0 (901 words) Published: August 28, 2014


Assignment Week 2
The theory of General Systems and Holism

The theory of General Systems and Holism
Biopsychosocial model suggests that the understanding of the illness from the perspective of the mind is crucial to the complex nature of health. To have a more in-depth view over the health experiences and the nature of illness one must add psychological and social factors to the biomedical explanation (Morrisson, Bennett, 2012). For example, if we intend to analyze depression only from the biological point view, we would only identify its biomedical causes: the genetics of depression. However, depression, as supported by the research, can be caused by multiple causes such as traumatic event experienced by the individual at the early age, difficult social context, as for instance, lack of social support, etc. Analysis becomes much more complex, but at the same time more profound and complete, when utilizing biopsychosocial model. The development of the biopsychosocial model by Engel in 1974 was contributed to through such theories, as the theory of General Systems and Holism. The theory of General Systems insists that for a complete understanding of processes, which are occurring inside a human being, there is a need to not only look at the interrelations of enzymes in a cell (biological approach), but also think about conscious (cognitive) and unconscious (psychoanalytical) processes in the personality, and finally, analyze the environment in which the individuals are finding themselves (social systems). The theory of General Systems suggests that the boundaries of different sciences are not isolated and that they do overlap on a regular basis (Bertalanfy, 1972). In the theory of Holism, the system consists of certain elements which are combined and used by a system according to its purpose. In contrast to monism, when one element has a stronger power on other, dependent elements, holism does not consider...
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