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Theorist of Public Administration

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Theorist of Public Administration

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Lyndall Urwick was a theorist and a consultant whose work integrated the ideas of scientific management with the ideas of classical organization theory. Luther Gulick served on President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Committee n Administrative Management during the 1930s, and his major interests were political science and public service. They both edited a 1937 publication entitled “Papers on the Science of Administration”, which included articles on organization theory and public administration. Luther Gulick quarantined the responsibilities of the chief executive and itemized them according to the acronym POSDCORB, which stands for planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, reporting, and budgeting. Gulick emphasized one of his main point was to show that well-managed, self-contained organizations or departments are nearly always headed by a single top manager such as a CEO. So Urwick believed that the activities necessary to achieve organizational goals should be grouped and assigned to individuals in an impersonal way, echoing the impartial detachment of Max Weber's bureaucracy.  Chester Irving Barnard was a telecommunications executive and also the author of Functions of the Executive, which became an influential 20th century management book, in which Barnard presented a theory of organization and how the executives function in organizations. Abraham Maslow created a hierarchy of needs based upon working with monkeys. Beyond the details of air, water, food, and sex, he laid out five broader layers:  the physiological needs, the needs for safety and security, the needs for love and belonging, the needs for esteem, and the need to actualize the self, in that order. Administrative Behaviour: a Study of Decision-Making Processes in Administrative Organization is a book written by Herbert A. Simon. It declares that "decision-making is the heart of administration, and that the vocabulary of administrative theory must be derived from the logic and...

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