Theories of Development

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CYP 3.1 2.3
| | | | |Theory |What it states |How it influences current practice | | | | | |Cognitive |It states that children do not use the same rules of logic for solving problems as adults do. As children’s |In schools, teaching should be carried out at a level and style to match | |(e.g. Piaget) |experiences change, they alter and adapt to what they believe. As children gain experiences they then expand|the needs and current way of thinking of the individual child, Lessons | | |and broaden their learning – eventually being able to think about experiences themselves that are not yet |should be broken down into time allotments that will hold the child’s | | |developed. |attention span.Teaching a child through ‘phonics’ and ‘number lines’ will | | | |help them to expand and improve their understanding in numeracy and | | |Piaget stated that children learn through the play process. He suggested that when teaching children, |literacy.Practical work should be included – allowing children to work and| | |appropriate materials should be provided in order for them to interact and construct. Disciplined |experiment with real materials in order for them to develop thought and | | |questioning known as ‘Socratic’ questioning should be used to get children to reflect on what they were |practical behaviour. Children need to have some control over their | | |doing, to try to get them to see contradictions in their explanations. |learning to ensure that they are able to constructively work things out | | | |for themselves, encouraging more independence and confidence. | | | | | |Psychoanalytic |It states that our personalities are made up of the following: |Children must be supported when working through their emotional and | |(e.g. Freud) |The Id |psychological crises to ensure that they develop a sense of emotional | | |The instinctive part of our personality, based on our biological needs, such as hunger and thirst. |well-being and mental health. Role play in the class setting helps | | |The Ego |children to play out any fears and anxieties. Children need to feel | | |When a child realises that its behaviour may affect how its needs are met. This is based on being...
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