* Owen does not experiment with language and structure in this poem. * The poem is about the experience of men being moved from their training camp to the trenches in France. The men would have come from a variety of places in the country to the training camp, and the town would therefore have little connection to the men (hence there being a small turnout of support). The poem highlights this sense of anonymity and the very low-key way in which the men are transported out to the war (like a guilty secret). * The rhyming is full, not half, and the clusters of two and three line stanzas create four verses. * “The Send off” is written not from the soldiers point of view, but from the people of the town sending them off. It catches the moment just after the parade. The title is ironic because the send off is meant to be a big parade and celebration but the soldiers are not getting this as they are being quietly sent away (secrecy, conspiracy) * From the very start, it is clear that something sinister is going to happen, “Darkening”, “Close” showing no hope/danger/death and a sense of claustrophobia. Also, “To the siding shed” reminds us of slaughter houses/ abattoir (where animals are slaughtered) as though they are walking to their death after being brainwashed/ left senseless after the manipulation of the propaganda. * Owen uses “They” and “Them” to take a backseat approach/ to distance himself as though he is a narrator (anonymity) * “Sang”, think they are going to win/ keep spirits up/ unification (team spirit) * In “The Send-Off,” Owens speaks of his feelings about the war and has a pessimistic attitude of “them” (the soldiers) returning the same as when they left, and even surviving the war (saying that most of them will die)Verse two, conveys this: “Their breasts were stuck all white with wreath and sprayed / As men’s are, dead.” * The soldiers know the consequences of what is going to happen when they are on the train “grimly gay,” but the soldiers put on their war faces and hide the fear that lurks within them, so perhaps the fear will not show be evident to their loved ones waiting with them at the train station. Grimly gay is also an oxymoron. An alternative interpretation of this is that the soldiers do not want to think about what will happen to them; or they do not want to believe that they are afraid (proven on the first line “Sang”) Gritting their teeth to Put on a show to appear cheery, Grimly gay= alliteration * The rhyme scheme spreads over the stanza breaks so that each 3 and 2 line stanzas form a 5 line rhyme scheme. * “They were not ours” shows a lack of connection between the people of the town and the soldiers. * “Wrongs hushed up”, the truth is being hidden from the soldiers and the whole country. * In “The Send-Off”, Owen conveys his feelings about the war and the young soldiers going off to die. You can tell he has a very pessimistic attitude to the likelihood of the soldiers surviving. You can see this from his frequent references to death, for example “Their breasts were stuck all stuck with wreath and spray.” which could refer to how the dead are garlanded with wreaths of flowers before their burial.
Anthem for Doomed Youth:
* Uses enjambment( when the line doesn’t finish at the end of the line and goes onto the next) * The rhetorical questions engage the reader in the poem reflecting the change of mood in the author (from anger and aggression to being calm) * Owen also uses negative adjectives - descriptive phrases like "shrill, demented choirs" (juxtaposition). Choirs are normally beautiful - singing - but here, the falling bombs are the choir, and they are 'demented'. The falling shells are the closest the soldiers hear to singing, and this is the backdrop to their day. * The rhyme scheme for the poem is ABAB CDCD EFFE GG
* PERSONIFICATION- “Monstrous anger of the guns”, showing how big and scary the...