The Peculiar Institution of Slavery

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The Peculiar Institution of Slavery I

The African Slave Trade
African Kingdoms
Europe and the Slave Trade
The Capture and Transport of Slaves

Slavery in America
Northern Colonies
Southern Colonies

Slave Labor

The African Slave Trade
-10 to 11 million africans kidnaped and brought to usa
most of those slaves went to south and latin america
those who came to america were a minority
europeans don’t create slavery and don’t invent the slave slave they tapped into existing slave trading in africa - it already was apart of the african culture - myth the white people go and bring them back to own a human being you need to dehumanize them

slavery creates racism not the other way around - this racism emerges in this myth that africa was backward and it was the dark continent. that africans were lesser civilized beings. estimated on the eve that euro tapped into slavery that africa had as big of a population as eruope and it was diversified - middle class, rich, poor, etc agriculture in africa was as sophisitcated as it was in paris, rome, etc many socities in africa had their own legal system and codified laws The Kingdom of Mali

Timbuktu and islamic universities - huge - studied math and astronomy - education and scientific progress was apart of africa

Europe and the Slave Trade
they got through the slave trade through the portuguese
Price Henry went through the african waterways and this was when theyt apped into the slave trade portugese got slaves in return for equal valued goods - iron, guns, brass pots, etc - equitable business trade europeans alter slavery

expands it scope and the number of slaves bc of new crops - sugar in Caribbean, rice, etc. the capture and transport of slaves from the west cost of africa

3 stages of getting them to the plantations
First Leg
african agent would have bought stolen bartered for african slaves and they would have been marched to the coast leg is from the inland to coast
this is the beginning of brutilization of slaves
slaves march in a single line with chain around their neck waste legs walking upward of 500 miles this is where first slave rebellions began - they couldn’t run away so the salve rebellion came in the form of suicide. they’re being ripped from their families and villages and they don’t know what’s going to happen - so there were two ways the slaves found to commit suicide 1. they had their hands free, the soil turned into clay after rain, they would scoop up some of the clay and would choke to death 2. through rocks at hives of killer bees and allow themselves to be stung to death those who survive get to the coast and they’re sold to a european ship captain they’re branded with the companies logo on the back and inside of the cheek then put into the canoes to the harbor to the big slave ships another form of suicide - they would tip the canoes and drown because they didn’t know how to swim

Second Leg - middle passage
ships were cargo ships - not passenger ships - squished together because you want as many “product” to get to the new world to sell delicate situation for captain - they didn’t want to waste food on them but they couldn’t die of starvation slave owners allowed to happen - allowed the slaves to act out their tribal dances (this is how you get the transfer of african cultural music to the united states) despite what the ship owners did 10-15% didn’t make it - through starvation and rebellion attempted mutinies - wanted to take the ship back to africa - when they failed the punishments were brutal - you don’t kill a slave because you’re killing your economic property - instead you would cut out a tounge or brand them again in really sensitive areas - won’t kill because doesn’t make economic sense

Third Leg
in the ports - auctions
if a family was somehow able to survive first two legs, this is where they would be auctioned off and split up - the slaves were poked and prauded to see their physical...
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