Nestled atop Costa Rica’s continental divide, the Monteverde rainforest Proudly calls the town of Monteverde Its home. High above the coastal towns dotted Along the famous Costa Rican seaside, Monteverde sits at an altitude of 4,662 Ft. above sea level.
Major Abiotic Factors
v Because of the high altitude, this particular rain forest is known as a Cloud Forest. v A Cloud Forest is categorized as a highland forest that receives nearly 100% humidity year round. v The Monteverde Cloud Forest receives a staggering four meters of rain every year. v Due to the low amount of sunlight that can filter in through the clouds, there is an abundance of moisture that trickles down from the highest tree tops to the life below. v The bounty of moisture from either fog or rainfall helps to host a great deal of biodiversity.
Major Biotic Factors
v The Monteverde Cloud Forest is home to 100 species of mammals, such as Capuchan and Howler monkeys. v 400 species of birds including the endangered three-wattled bellbird and nearly 30 species of hummingbirds reside in the forest. v There are 2,500 species of plant life, 420 of them orchids. v The forest harbors thousands of insects and 5,000 species of moths. v 1,200 species of reptiles and amphibians live in the forest, including poisonous and non-poisonous toads, snakes and frogs.
Tourism can protect the forest!
With its vast amount of wildlife and stunning shrubbery, it’s no wonder Monteverde is a tourism hotspot. Still, the people of Monteverde respect this delicate ecosystem all the same. Through establishing ecotourism in a protected reserve, the people of Monteverde have saved a large part of the forest that may have been torn down to make way for coffee farms and cattle. The donations and entry fee required to enter the preserve support multiple non-profit schools, like The Children’s Eternal Rainforest, that teaches children about the...