The league of nations

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The League of Nations
Recommended Resources: Course Companion pp. 52-59, Waugh pp. 128-132, Walsh pp. 184-209, Williamson pp. 78 -85

Terms to Know
Collective Security- a system of maintaining world peace and security by concerted action on the part of the nations of the world Enforcement- To impose 
Rapallo Treaty - The Treaty of Rapallo was an agreement signed in the Italian town of Rapallo on April 16, 1922 between Germany (the Weimar Republic) and Soviet Russia under which each renounced all territorial and financial claims against the other following the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and World War I. The two governments also agreed to normalise their diplomatic relations and to "co-operate in a spirit of mutual goodwill in meeting the economic needs of both countries". Dawes Plan- A plan to ensure payments of reparations by Germany after WWI, devised by the international committee headed by Charles Dawes and put into effect in 1924 Policy- A plan or course of action, as of a government, political party, or business, intended to influence and determine decisions, actions, and other matters. Policy of Fulfillment - Germany by a policy of fulfillment succeeded in having some of the treaty terms eased. Reparations payments, the most ruinous part of the treaty, were suspended in 1931 and were never resumed. Stresa Front- An agreement signed in 1935 by the Britain, Frence and Italy to maintain the Locarno agreement and support the independence of Austria. It might have deterred hitler but if collapsed as a result of Abyssinia. Hoare-Laval Pact- A secret pack that allowed Italy to invade Abyssinia, however it was leaked to the public which resulted in an uproar of people against Italy. Battle of Adowa- A battle between Italy and the Abyssinian natives that resulted in Italy’s defeat which was a great humiliation for Italy. Tome-Berlin Axis- An agreement between Nazi-Germany and Italy under the rule of Mussolini

People to Know
Gustav Streseman-German politician who served as foreign minister (1923-1929) and was largely responsible for Germany's conciliatory and cooperative policies after World War I.  Charles Dawes- Charles Gates Dawes (August 27, 1865 – April 23, 1951) was an American banker and politician who was the 30th Vice President of the United States. For his work on the Dawes Planfor World War I reparations he was a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He served in the First World War, was U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, the first director of the Bureau of the Budget, and, in later life, the U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom. Mussolini- Italian Fascist dictator and prime minister (1922-1943) who conducted an expansionist foreign policy, formalized an alliance with Germany (1939), and brought Italy into World War II (1940). Adolf Hitler- The German Councilor who came to power in 1933. He was the ruler of the German Nazi party and was in charge of making Germany a fascist country. He was the man that was responsible for removing Germany from the league of nations.

Focus Questions
What were the goals of the League of Nations?
Explain the principle of ‘Collective Security’.
Describe how the League of Nations was organized?
Identify some the League’s successes and failures in the 1920s in the following categories: a. Border Disputes b. Global Issues c. Disarmament What were some of the League’s weaknesses?
Why did the USA refuse to join the League and what were the effects? Why did the League fail in the 1930s?
What role did the Great Depression play in the League’s failure?

How did it start?
That is it quarreled with another member it would go to the League and try to settle the problem through talks rather than using force. To help any member that was attacked in defiance of this agreement. This could be through a. Condemning the aggressor- making them feel so guilty that the country back down. b. Imposing economic sanction on the aggressor (cutting of trade with the nation) c....
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