The Language of Anatomy

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  • Topic: Anatomy, Human body cavities, Anatomical terms of location
  • Pages : 8 (1136 words )
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  • Published : June 5, 2012
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R E V I E W

S H E E T
EXERCISE

1

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The Language of Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
1. Match each of the following descriptions with a key equivalent, and record the key letter or term in front of the description. Key: a. b. a. buccal d. digital f. scapular

buccal calcaneal 1. 2. 3.

c. d.

cephalic digital

e. f.

patellar scapular
e. patellar b. calcaneal c. cephalic

cheek pertaining to the fingers shoulder blade region

4. 5. 6.

anterior aspect of knee heel of foot pertaining to the head

2. Indicate the following body areas on the accompanying diagram by placing the correct key letter at the end of each line. Key: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. abdominal antecubital axillary brachial cervical crural femoral fibular gluteal inguinal lumbar occipital oral popliteal pubic sural thoracic umbilical

M E
Q

L

C

A
B R

D

K
I

J
O

G N
H P

F

3. Classify each of the terms in the key of question 2 above into one of the large body regions indicated below. Insert the appropriate key letters on the answer blanks.

B, C, D, F, G, H, N, P

1.

appendicular

A, E, I, J, K, L, M, O, Q, R

2.

axial

Body Orientation, Direction, Planes, and Sections
The human body is erect, with the feet only slightly 4. Describe completely the standard human anatomical position. _________________________________________________

apart, head and toes pointed forward, and arms hanging at the sides with palms facing forward. 3

A cut made in order to observe internal structures. 5. Define section. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 6. Several incomplete statements are listed below. Correctly complete each statement by choosing the appropriate anatomical term from the key. Record the key letters and/or terms on the correspondingly numbered blanks below. Key: a. b. c. anterior distal frontal d. e. f. inferior lateral medial g. h. i. posterior proximal sagittal j. k. superior transverse

In the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the _1_ body surface; the buttocks and shoulder blades are on the __2_ body surface; and the top of the head is the most _3_ part of the body. The ears are _4_ and _5_ to the shoulders and _6_ to the nose. The heart is _7_ to the vertebral column (spine) and _8_ to the lungs. The elbow is _9_ to the fingers but _10_ to the shoulder. The abdominopelvic cavity is _11_ to the thoracic cavity and _12_ to the spinal cavity. In humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the _13_ surface; however, in quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the _14_ surface. If an incision cuts the heart into right and left parts, the section is a _15_ section; but if the heart is cut so that superior and inferior portions result, the section is a _16_ section. You are told to cut a dissection animal along two planes so that both kidneys are observable in each section. The two sections that will always meet this requirement are the _17_ and _18_ sections. A section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a _19_ section. a. anterior f. medial j. superior 1. 8. 14. b. posterior b. distal i. sagittal 2. 9. 15. j. superior h. proximal k. transverse 3. 10. 16. f. medial d. inferior c. frontal 4. 11. 17. j. superior a. anterior k. transverse 5. 12. 18. e. lateral g. posterior i. sagittal 6. 13. 19. a. anterior 7. 7. Correctly identify each of the body planes by inserting the appropriate term for each on the answer line below the drawing.

(a)

(b)

(c)

sagittal plane

frontal plane

transverse plane

4

Review Sheet 1

8. Name each of the three different planes represented by the drawings of the sectioned kidney.

sagittal plane

frontal plane

transverse plane

9. Correctly identify each of the nine areas of the abdominal surface by inserting the appropriate term for each of the letters indicated in the drawing. epigastric...
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