The Indolence of the Filipinos

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The Indolence of the Filipinos
Sobra la Indolencia de los Filipinos
Overview
* It is an exploratory essay that is considered as the longest among all his essays. * Jose Rizal published Sobra la Indolencia de los Filipinos on July 15 to September 15, 1890 in five installments through the La Solidaridad, the official newspaper of the Philippine ilustrados. * Its main goal is to explain the alleged idleness of his people, the Indios, during the Spanish colonization. * The essay is a study of the causes why the people was suspected of not working hard during the Spanish regime.  Group 3 PI10 B-4R

Group 3 PI10 B-4R
Group 3 PI10 B-4R

Group 3 PI10 B-4R
Group 3 PI10 B-4R
Group 3 PI10 B-4R

Chapter Summary
I. Chapter I: ADMITING THE EXISTENCE OF INDOLENCE
* Rizal admits that indolence does exist among the Filipinos. * He says that someone must study the cause of indolence before curing it. * He enumerates one of the causes of indolence: a hot climate. Hot climate requires rest, while cold climate requires labor and action. * “An hour work under the Philippine sun is equivalent to a day’s work in temperate regions.” * But Rizal said that any man can live in any climate, if he will only adapt himself to its requirements and conditions. II. Chapter II: INDOLENCE AS A CHRONIC ILLNESS

* Rizal says that an illness will worsen if the wrong treatment is given. The same applies to indolence. * Even before the Spaniards arrived, Rizal argues, the early Filipinos were already carrying out trade within provinces and with other neighboring countries; they were also engaged in agriculture and mining; some natives even spoke Spanish. All these disprove the notion that Filipinos are by nature indolent. * Rizal ends by asking what then would have caused Filipinos to forget their past. III. Chapter III: WARS, INSURRECTIONS, EXPEDITIONS AND INVASION * Rizal enumerates several reasons that may have caused the Filipinos cultural and economic corruption. * The frequent wars, rebellions, and invasions have brought disorder to the communities. * Many Filipinos have also been sent abroad to fight wars for Spain or for expeditions, as a result, the population has decreased in number. As forced labor, many men have been sent to shipyards to construct vessels. * Natives who have had enough of abuse have gone to the mountains. As a result, the farms have been neglected. The so-called indolence of Filipinos definitely has deeply rooted causes. IV. Chapter IV: DEATH OF TRADE IN THE PHILIPPINES

* Filipinos, according to Rizal, are not responsible for their misfortunes as they are not their own masters. * The Spanish government has not encouraged labor and trade which ceased after the government treated the country’s neighboring trade partners with great suspicion. * Trade has declined because of the pirate attacks and the many restrictions imposed by the government, which gives no aid for crops and farmers * Businesses are monopolized by many government officials, bribery operate on wide scale, rampant gambling is tolerated by the government. * The church’s wrong doctrine which holds that the rich will not go to heaven, thus producing a wrong attitude towards work. * There has also been discrimination in education against natives. V. Chapter V: LIMITED TRAINING AND EDUCATION

* According to Rizal, all the causes of indolence can be reduced to two factors. * First factor is the limited training and education Filipino native receive. Filipinos do not receive the same opportunities that are available to the foreigners. They are taught to be inferior. * Second factor is the lack of a national sentiment of unity among them. Because Filipinos think they are inferior, they submit to the foreign culture and do everything to imitate it. * The solution according to Rizal would be education and liberty. Important Points/Main Causes of Indolence...
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