The Glamour of Grammer Notes

Only available on StudyMode
  • Topic: Sentence, Grammatical mood, Verb
  • Pages : 5 (1189 words )
  • Download(s) : 68
  • Published : December 10, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview

Part One
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) tells you how and when the words came to be used in the English Language •(OED) The earliest examples of a word's use are included along with the definition •The American Heritage Dictionary (AHD) tells you where English is "headed" •(AED) includes a usage panel, marginal photos and other pictorial images, obscene/profane words (omitted in OED), names of noteworthy people/places, describes interesting word histories, synonyms, and advice on how to distinguish the differences between the meanings •Memorize a list of commonly misspelled words

Use a dictionary and don’t rely on spell-checker. . . use it but don't rely on it •Collect words that you misspell in a notebook/file to help you remember and master the words •remember the 2 purposes of accurate spelling: (1) to convey the word intended (2) to avoid distracting the reader with spelling errors •adopt a letter then randomly list words that start with that letter •let your ear influence your choice between a, an . . .

The words a, an, and the are called articles.
Examine your work to make sure you haven’t repeated distinctive words if so consult a thesaurus •Conjunction - and, but, yet, so, however, neither nor...... Interjection: Yikes! Whatever! Sheesh. . . •The function of parts of speech can be carried out by the word, phrase, long phrase, and clauses. •similar; different

Homonyms: sound, spelling; definition Homophones: sound; spelling, definition Contranyms: identical spelling, sound; opposite meanings •McFredries website, wordspy, offers examples of words coined together •Portmanteau / Blend: a word whose form and meaning are derived from a blending of two or more distinct forms (octo-mom) •Compound/Kenning a kind of metaphor common in old english in which 2 words (whale-way = sea) •Front/Back Clipping: (taximeter + cab = Taxicab)

when writing/reading about a special group keep a list of words that are most essential to that community •pay attention to the special words of your family (made up words via creativity, accident, mistake •Normans conquered England ~ brought French lang/culture ~RESULT~~ we often have two words for the same thing; a short word ~Anglo-Saxon root; and a longer word ~French and Latin i.e. (lively; vivacious) •explore the lengths of your words ~ shot=more important; long: less important •Use a foreign word or phrase when it captures something special, also make sure you translate it in the right context! Part Two

~Points~ pg. 61
Think of the period as a full stop; a point of emphasis
oto create suspense
oTo explain step by step
oto magnify an emotion
The serial/oxford comma can help you organize a series of words, phrases, or classes •Literature and journalism have different preferences to the use of commas •Semi colon: ‘a swinging gate’ a tool that can connect and separate at the same time •Colon: signals a list; highlights a word/phrase; it acts as a substitute for a verb (shortens a pulpy sentence) •Dash: takes the place of colons and semi colons; 2 dashes to insert an important/interesting thought within another. 1 dash to highlight a component at the end of a sentence •If a proper noun that ends in an S let your ear guide you to see whether you should add an ‘s or just an ‘ •Use a single quote to indicate a quote within a quote

“ used for – titles of: poems, songs, essays, and chapters •Colons/semi-colons go outside the double quotes
Use question marks to generate the reader’s curiosity and narrative energy. •Ellipsis/(plural)Ellipses-
oSignals a suspense delay
oIndicates where a part of the quoted text have been left out oUse a period at the end of a sentence then add the three dots like this. . . . Part 3
~Standards~ pg. 111
learn to lie (to recline) or lay (to place)~ learn the distinctions between them; It will help you learn the transitive & intransitive verbs, as well...
tracking img