The Cold War in the 1960s

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THE COLD WAR in the 1960’s

* MAD Theory (Mutually Assured Destruction)
* The Cuban Missile Crisis (Oct. 1962)
* Why the crisis happened? (Khrushchev, Fidel Castro & Cuba) * Was JFK a hawk or a dove?
* Impacts of the crisis: flexible response & trend toward détente * Missles out of Cuba
* Missles out of Germany
* Can’t invade Cuba with force.

THE WAR IN VIETNAM

* It was America’s longest war
* Some numbers: $ 150 billion ($600 billion in 2007 dollars); 2.6 million fought in Vietnam; 58,200 died; 150,000 injured * WWII and Vietnam
* Ho Chi Minh, Ngo Dinh Diem, and the two Vietnams
* THE FRENCH STAGE OF THE WAR
* The Battle of Dien Bien Phu
* The 1954 Geneva Accourds
* Ike and the War
* THE AMERICAN STAGE
* JFK and the death of Diem (1963)
* LBJ and the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (August 1964)
* LBJ and the Escalation of the War
* Credibility
* Feb 1965: air strikes started
* July 1965: ground troops
* Why there was no military victory in Vietnam?
* The strength of the enemy
* The weakness of the South Vietnamese Government
* Guerilla war in Vietnam
* Limited war in Vietnam
* Search-and-destroy vs. clear-and-hold
* The media
* A Multitude of Movements
* Student Rebellions, The New Left, and the counter cultural movement * SDS (1960) and its goals
* 1964 UC Berkeley and student rebellion
* Cultural radicals: the hippies
* The Rise of Feminism
* Betty Friedan and The Feminine Mystique
* 1968: the year of upheaval
* January: the Tet Offensive and the credibility gap
* March: LBJ would not run again for president
* April: MLK assassinated
* June: Bobby Kennedy assassinated
* August: the Democratic National Convention at Chicago became a street fight * Hubert H. Humphrey,...
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