Science 9 Chapter 5.1 The Cell Cycle and Mitosis Pg152-158 Notes Cell Replacement and Development
-Cells continue to divide as you continue to grow.
-Muscle & nerve cells usually do not continue to divide in adult. The Cell Cycle
-Life of cell = divided into 3 stages called cell cycle.
-Stages = Interphase, Mitosis and Cytokinesis
-Interphase= cells carry out functions necessary for survival and cells that divide prepare for reproduction. -Mitosis divides duplicated contents of cell’s nucleus into 2 equal parts. -Cytokinesis separates 2 nuclei & cell contents into 2 daughter cells. Interphase
-Interphase = largest stage of cell cycle.
Growth and Preparation
-During 1st phase of interphase, cell increases in size & makes proteins necessary for cell to function. -Some organelles begin to dispute.
-Replication, cell copies the 3 billion base pairs of DNA info in nucleus of cell. - Then cell temporarily has 2 complete sets of DNA.
-Enzymes control (above) process.
-To replicate itself, DNA molecule unwinds and steps of DNA ladder break apart. -Each side then becomes a pattern or template on which new side forms. - Continued growth and preparation
- After DNA replicates, cell continues to grow & is active making materials such as proteins for new cells that will be formed after cytokinesis. - These cells= daughter cells
- Chromatin = Contains replicated DNA = loosely coiled form. - In loosely coiled form, DNA can be copied into RNA. So proteins = made during preparation for cell division. -During (above) final phase before cell division, organelles ; mitochondria & chloroplasts = duplicated. Mitosis
* Next stage of cell cycle & usually the shortest.
* Process in which contents of cell’s nucleus divides. * Division results in 2 daughter nu kinds of chromosomes as original cell. * As nucleus prepares to divide, DNA molecules that replicated during interphase join together to form sister chromatids of chromosome. * Centromere...
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