The Cardiovascular System: Factors That Affect Bp

Topics: Blood, Blood pressure, Cardiovascular system Pages: 2 (273 words) Published: March 20, 2013

MAP Instructions: Select “Study Area (myA&P)
Select “Interactive Physiology” (left tab)
Select “Chapter 19: Cardiovascular System – Factors that Affect Blood Pressure”
Click “Topic,” watch the tutorial, and then answer the following questions.

The Cardiovascular System: Factors That Affect Blood Pressure 1.What are the three main factors that influence total peripheral resistance (TPR)? a. Turbulence
b. Vascular Resistance
c. A change in blood viscosity
2. Name three hormones that act as vasoconstrictors.
a. Epinephrine
b. Angiotensin II
c. Antidiuretic Hormone
3.Name two hormones that directly increase blood volume.
a. Antidiuretic Hormone
b. Aldosterone
4.Track the effect on blood pressure by reducing venous return. Go through all the steps.
VR decrease in stroke volume (SV) --> decrease in cardiac output (CO) --> decrease in blood pressure (BP)

5.Categorize the following into:
A. Factors which increase blood pressure B. Factors that decrease blood pressure _A___ arterial diameter_A___ total vessel length
_B___ vessel elasticity_B___ plasma epinephrine
_B___ blood volume_B___ plasma angiotensin
_A___ stroke volume_A___ plasma ADH
_B___ blood viscosity_B___ parasympathetic stimulation
_A___ blood volume_A___ sympathetic stimulation
Use arrows in the spaces for questions 6 through 10.
6. A in hematocrit will result in ____ blood viscosity and ____ blood pressure. 7. Growth will result in ____ total vessel length and an ____ blood pressure. 8. Arteriosclerosis will result in ____ vessel elasticity and an ____ blood pressure. 9. Excessive sweating will result in a short term ____ in blood volume and a ____ in blood pressure. 10.An in epinephrine will result in ____ vessel diameter and an ____ in blood pressure.
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