THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT (DEFINITIONS)
(the) Arab Revolt: When the Palestinians began to be outnumbered, they reacted with violence again the British occupation. The British allowed the Jews to arm themselves and form groups such as the Hagana to keep this situation under control. This case caused more support for the Jews world-wide as they appeared easier to control and the Arabs were cast in a negative light due to the violence of their rebellion. (the) Balfour Declaration: Arthur James Balfour became British Foreign Minister in 1926. His friendship with Chaim Weizmann, the Leader of Zionism after 1904, meant that the Zionists had formed a connection to the British government. Balfour persuaded the Cabinet to support Zionism, with the idea that it would help Britain to win the war by getting the USA to join it due to the large Jewish population. The Declaration was a letter from Arthur James Balfour to a British Jew, Lord Rothschild, which spoke of the need for a Jewish national home in Palestine. Bombing of the King David Hotel: The militant right-wing Zionist underground organization Irgun carried out an attack on 22 July 1946 against the British administrative headquarters for Palestine, in the King David Hotel in Jerusalem. 91 people of various nationalities were killed and 46 were injured. Chaim Weizmann: A Russian-born Jew living in Britain who became the Leader of Zionism after Theodor Herzl’s death in 1904. When Britain became the new power in the Middle East after the Turkish Ottoman Empire collapsed during World War I, he won British support for the idea of a Jewish Homeland. He succeeded greatly due to his friendship with politician Arthur James Balfour. Christianity: A monotheistic and Abrahamic religion which is centred around the life of Jesus from writings in the New Testament and canonical gospels (the Hebrew Bible, aka Old Testament is considered also canonical). Christians believe that Jesus is the son of God. He is referred to as...
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