Test Four Review & Study Guide Human Resource Management
Ethics, Justice, and Fair Treatment in HR Management
1) The principles of conduct governing an individual or a group are referred to as ________. Explanation: Ethics refers to "the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group; specifically, the standards you use to decide what your conduct should be." Page Ref: 506
2) Ethics refers to the ________.
Explanation: Ethics refers to "the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group; specifically, the standards you use to decide what your conduct should be. A normative judgment means that something is right or wrong. Morals are society's highest accepted standards of behavior. Page Ref: 506
3) According to surveys, which of the following is the most commonly observed unethical behavior in the workplace? Explanation: Abusive or intimidating behavior towards employees is the most commonly observed unethical behavior in the workplace according to surveys. Choices A, C, D, and E occur as well but with less frequency. Page Ref: 506
4) Which of the following terms refers to the characteristic values, traditions, and behaviors a company's employees share? Explanation: Organizational culture is the characteristic values, traditions, and behaviors a company's employees share. A value is a basic belief about right and wrong. Page Ref: 509 5) Which of the following terms refers to a firm without any procedures for diminishing bad behavior? Explanation: An ethically toxic company is one in which all the usual procedures that normally diminish bad behavior are simply missing. For example, managers pressure or even reward employees for bad behavior or no one publicizes ethical standards.
Page Ref: 511
6) Which of the following requires companies to declare whether they have a code of conduct? Explanation: The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (passed after a series of top corporate management ethical lapses) requires companies to declare whether they have a code of conduct. The other legislative acts are not related to corporate ethics. Page Ref: 512
7) Which of the following memorializes the standards by which the employer expects its employees to adhere? Explanation: An ethics code memorializes the standards to which the employer expects its employees to adhere, for instance with respect to bribery. All publicly traded companies in the United States should have one. Page Ref: 512
8) Which of the following suggests that when a woman fails to act as anticipated, men and women will treat her more harshly than if a man had acted in the same manner? Explanation: The Evil Woman Thesis argues that women who commit [certain] offenses violate stereotypic assumptions about the proper behavior of women. These women will [then] be penalized for their inappropriate sex role behavior in addition to their other offenses." In other words, it argues that when a woman doesn't act the way other men and women think she should act, the men and women tend to overreact and treat her more harshly than they might if a man committed it.
Page Ref: 517
9) In which organizational document are an organization's rules and regulations usually stated? Explanation: Upon hiring, tell employees, preferably in writing, what is not permitted. The employee handbook usually contains the rules and regulations. Page Ref: 518
10) Which of the following terms refers to discipline without punishment? Explanation: Non-punitive discipline is discipline without punishment. It usually involves a system of oral warnings and paid "decision-making leaves" in lieu of more traditional punishment. Page Ref: 520
11) Which of the following is NOT one of the four points of the hot stove rule? Explanation: Supervisors traditionally apply the four points of what they call the "hot stove rule" when applying discipline. When touching a hot stove that says, "Don't touch," the person has a warning, and the pain is consistent, impersonal, and...
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