Test Bank - Ch 13

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LIVING WITH ART

Test Bank – Chapter 13

Multiple Choice

1.Using a steel framework with masonry sheathing, the ________, designed by Louis Sullivan, is thought by many to be the first genuinely modern building. a.Wainwright Building
b.Eiffel Tower
c.Crystal Palace
d.Lever House
e.Chrysler Building

2.Two factors that decide the success of any structural system are a.weight and tensile strength.
b.the placement of its dome and its pendentives.
c.the linear ratio of foundation to wall and wall to roof. d.the tension and compression of each buttress.
e.None of these answers is correct.

3.Stacking and piling is another term for
a.post-and-lintel.
b.arch and vault.
c.load-bearing construction.
d.the mending of stone fences.
e.None of these answers is correct.

4.The Langston Hughes Library was designed by
a.Le Corbusier.
b.I. M. Pei.
c.Frank Gehry.
d.Maya Lin.
e.Frank Lloyd Wright.

5.The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles are known as the
a.International style.
b.shell system.
c.hypostyle.
d.Gothic architecture.
e.Greek orders.

6.The Byodo-in Temple in Kyoto, Japan, is an elegant example of a.the International style.
b.postmodern architecture.
c.the Neoclassical style.
d.Gothic architecture.
e.post-and-lintel architecture.

7.The ability of a material to span horizontal distances with a minimum of support is called a.vaulting.
b.tensile strength.
c.tension.
d.buttressing.
e.compression.

8.Built almost 2000 years ago, the ________ is an enduring testament to the Roman use of the arch. a.Pont du Gard at Nîmes
b.Hagia Sophia
c.Reims Cathedral
d.Acropolis in Athens
e.None of these answers is correct.

9.Built for the World’s Fair in 1889, the ________ was an early experiment in iron construction. a.Wainwright Building
b.Crystal Palace
c.Eiffel Tower
d.Lever House
e.Chrysler Building

10.________ is most famous for his design of the geodesic dome. a.Thomas Jefferson
b.Anthemius of Tralles
c.Joseph Paxton
d.Louis Sullivan
e.R. Buckminster Fuller

11.The International style emphasizes
a.clean lines.
b.geometric form.
c.avoidance of superficial decoration.
d.all of these: clean lines, geometric form, and avoidance of superficial decoration. e.None of these answers is correct.

12.The following is NOT true about art museum architecture. a.John Russell Pope’s neoclassical National Gallery harmonizes with the other buildings on the Washington, D.C. mall. b.Zaha Hadid’s Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art has two highly contrasting façades. c.Frank Gehry’s Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is clad in titanium. d.John Russell Pope’s National Gallery was initially praised for its innovative style. e.Frank Gehry’s Guggenheim Museum Bilbao design required an aerospace-design computer program.

13.Fallingwater (the Kaufmann House in Bear Run, Pennsylvania) is a prime example of the “organic” architecture of a.Frank Lloyd Wright.
b.Le Corbusier.
c.Frank Gehry.
d.I. M. Pei.
e.John Russell Pope.

14.A ________ is a horizontal form supported at only one end. a.cornice
b.keystone
c.pendentive
d.flying buttress
e.cantilever

15.________ rotated 360 degrees on its axis is called a dome. a.A pier
b.An arch
c.A capital
d.A portico
e.A vault

16.When a large hall is built using post-and-lintel construction methods, the resulting “virtual forest of columns” is called a a.nave.
b.barrel vault.
c.hypostyle hall.
d.groin vault.
e.portico.

17.The two basic families of structural systems in architecture are a.the Postmodern and Classical.
b.the pier and cantilever.
c.the shell and the...
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