Rome: The Augustan Age 44BC – AD14
1Establishment of the Principate
Impact of the Death of Caesar
- Republic government = Senate.
- Julius assassinated seen to be becoming dictator.
- Wealth + position left to Octavian.
- Political heirs thought to be Antony (other consul) and Lepidus (master of horses/ assistant to dictator) - Ant in charge (abolishes dictatorship) > Lep: pontifex maximus in Spain Early Career of Octavian
-Speech @ nan’s funeral
-Education + military training from Caesar > hears of father’s death AVENGE -Pays 75 denarii w. own $ & hosts games (comet = soul of Caesar) -Puts army together & gets imperium to defeat Ant in Gaul > Decimus Brutus given triumph Second Triumvirate and Civil War
-Joins Ant works & Lepidus where interests lie (triumvirate) power of dictator, against Republicans -Senate & Cicero reject demands for consulship, Oct seizes control; prepares for war (against assasins: Brutus & Cassius) -Proscriptions – Cicero > escapees joined Pompieus
-Battle of Phillipi: Reps defeated- triumvirs divide empire -Treaty of Brudism: war risk> Ant marries Octavia> further division -Treaty of Misenum: Pirate Pompieus gets 3 area after stopping corn. Archaea proconsul. -Ant marries Cleo> end of Triumvirate
Consequences and Significance of the Battle of Actium
-Civil uproar @ Ant’s propaganda (Ant’s will)
-Blockade (w. Agrippa) Cleo & Ant escape leave fleet behind- later commit suicide -Troops demobilized
-Egypt annexed to Rome> pays off campaigns, triumph + adorns Rome -Oct establishes authority in East & put in prayers and liberations -Temple of Janus closed after 200yrs: PEACE
Development of the Principate: Settlements of 27 and 23 BC
-Puts aside powers granted to him> looks like Senate is in control -Became Princeps (1st citizen) others held title before
-1ST SETTLEMENT: Procunsular Imperium