Michigan State University
Childhood vs. Adolescence
Development stages of a human life can be broken up into three categories: physical, emotional and cognitive. The environment that each person experiences these changes in creates a unique individual. The first stage of life, that covers birth to approximately 12 years of age, is referred to as childhood. Adolescence, the second stage of life, is experienced during the ages of 13 to early 20’s. The way each person experiences these two stages of life vary with the environment and the implications societal norms set within these environments. Physical development is physical growth of the body. During childhood, physical growth includes gross motor, which are the big muscles, and fine motor, which help gain control of the body. Physical growth patterns start with gross motor development and then fine motor development occurs. At approximately one year old, a baby can walk by itself. By the age of three, a child has shown sufficient growth by sitting, walking, toilet training, using a spoon, scribbling, and sufficient hand-eye coordination to catch and throw a ball. Around age five a child’s fine motor skills are obvious and the child can perform actions like scribbling. From age five to approximately age 12, huge developments are not apparent and the child’s skills are simply refined. While many physical developments, like growing taller, are concrete; the amount of vertical growth heavily depends on a child’s diet. Socioeconomic status is a big contributor to physical development because if the child’s parents do not have the money to provide essential food to the child, the child will not grow as tall as they could be (Eitzen, Zinn & Smith, 2011). Cognitive development is a crucial period in children during the ages of birth to five years old. During this period, protein and an adequate diet are essential for full brain growth and development. Children in Ethiopia...