Surrealism - Art Movement

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Surrealism paintings were generally based on dreams. It is also uses the subconscious – dreams and instincts to create artworks. Surrealism can be defined into 2 types. The first type is naturalistic surrealism, it presents a recognizable scene that turns into a dream or nightmare, while another type is biomorphic Surrealism, it means art created without conscious control – creating organic shapes Those artist that painted surrealism work is called as “Surrealist”. Their paintings were filled with familiar objects, which were painted to look strange or mysterious. They hoped their odd paintings would make people look at things in a different way and change the way they felt about things. They thought that their paintings might stir up feelings in the back of people minds.

Surrealism is founded by Andre Breton in 1924 and was f it was a primarily European movement that attracted many members of the chaotic Dada movement and they moved to the surrealism group. It was similar in some elements to the mystical 19th-century Symbolist movement. Surrealism philosophy was deeply influenced by the psychoanalytic work of Simon Freud and Karl Jung.

By using Freudian methods of free association, the surrealist poetry and prose drew upon the private world of the mind, traditionally restricted by reason and societal limitations, to produce surprising, unexpected imagery. The cerebral and irrational tenets of Surrealism find their ancestry in the clever and whimsical disregard for tradition fostered by Dadaism a decade earlier.

The visual artists who first worked with Surrealist techniques and imagery were the German Max Ernst (1891–1976), the Frenchman André Masson (1896–1987), the Spaniard Joan Miró (1893–1983), and the American Man Ray (1890–1976).

There are many famous surrealists. The major Surrealist painters were Jean Arp, Max Ernst, André Masson, René Magritte, Yves Tanguy, Salvador Dalí, Pierre Roy, Paul Delvaux, and Joan Miró. With its emphasis on content...
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