Surrealism is founded by Andre Breton in 1924 and was f it was a primarily European movement that attracted many members of the chaotic Dada movement and they moved to the surrealism group. It was similar in some elements to the mystical 19th-century Symbolist movement. Surrealism philosophy was deeply influenced by the psychoanalytic work of Simon Freud and Karl Jung.
By using Freudian methods of free association, the surrealist poetry and prose drew upon the private world of the mind, traditionally restricted by reason and societal limitations, to produce surprising, unexpected imagery. The cerebral and irrational tenets of Surrealism find their ancestry in the clever and whimsical disregard for tradition fostered by Dadaism a decade earlier.
The visual artists who first worked with Surrealist techniques and imagery were the German Max Ernst (1891–1976), the Frenchman André Masson (1896–1987), the Spaniard Joan Miró (1893–1983), and the American Man Ray (1890–1976).
There are many famous surrealists. The major Surrealist painters were Jean Arp, Max Ernst, André Masson, René Magritte, Yves Tanguy, Salvador Dalí, Pierre Roy, Paul Delvaux, and Joan Miró. With its emphasis on content...