Summary of Contemporary Management

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Within the last three decades, the increasing diversity of the workforce has been one of the most important management issues to emerge. Diversity is the differences among people in age, gender, race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, socioeconomic background, and capabilities/disabilities. There is a strong ethical guideline around the world that diverse people must receive equal opportunities and be treated fairly and justly. Unfair treatment is also illegal. Glass ceiling is a metaphor alluding to the invisible barriers that prevent minorities and women from being promoted to top corporate positions. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibits age discrimination against workers over the age of 40 and restricts mandatory retirement. Managers need to be alert to ensure that employees aren't discriminated against because of their age. Women and men are very close in representation, as the males workforce is slightly bigger than the females. Data has shown that females outperform males in an executive position. Ethnicity refers to a grouping if people based on some characteristics, such as national origin, language, or culture. The increasing racial and ethnic diversity of the workforce and the population as a whole underscores the importance of effectively managing diversity. The need for such increased diversity is more than apparent. Managers need to be careful on the issue of communicating with potential customers. Employers are given guidelines that require them to make reasonable accommodations for religious practices such as, holiday observances, as long as doing so does not interfere with major costs, or issues. One major issue for managers is when it comes to religious diversity is recognizing and being aware of different religions and their beliefs. The ADA pf 1990 prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities and also requires that employers make reasonable accommodations to enable these people to effectively perform their jobs. A key challenge for managers is to promote an environment in which employees needing accommodations feel comfortable disclosing their need and, at the same time, to ensure that the accommodations not only enable those with disabilities to effectively perform their jobs. Managers must not only address the challenge of taking in people with disabilities, but also educate themselves to know more about their employees and disability. Employees with STDs are protected by the ADA from being discriminated in the workplace. The term socioeconomic background refers to social class and income-related factors, such as low, middle, or upper class. Managers need to be aware of and be careful to the people not as well off as others. In a strong economy, poor people with few skills find jobs easier than most. In a weak economy, companies have to lay off people from their jobs, and they are the people who need their incomes the most. Most of the nations parents are struggling to provide childcare, while they are busy bringing home the bread. Socioeconomic diversity suggest that managers need to be sensitive and responsive to the needs and concerns of workers who may be less fortunate than themselves in terms of income. About 2 to 10% if the U.S. Population is gay or lesbian. There is no federal law that prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation, although many states have such laws. Many organizations recognize the outcast status of gay or lesbian employees. There are many ways to ensure that sexual orientation is not used to unfairly discriminate among employees. Many managers are educating and training their employees about issues of sexual orientation. There are many other kinds of diversity that are important in many organizations, that are critical to managers to deal with effectively. A persons appearance or personality is another way how a person can be diverse and be discriminated. Diversity is a huge concern today, for managers and organizations for...
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