Study Guide Unit2: the founding of a nation
Anonymous “The child of snow” (1972)
Summary: A merchant often goes abroad. His wife became enamored of a young neighbor and had a child. She lied that the child is from the fall of snow. The merchant knew his wife’s betraying and planned to revenge. One day, the merchant took the fifteen year old boy with him abroad and sold him. When he came back, he said that the boy of snow melted when climbing a mountain. Guide question:
1. Does this story have a moral? If so, what might it be?
It has a moral. It might want to tell us that we should not lie and be honest. If not, we will be punished later. Also, a wife should be loyal to her husband. 2. Does this story “feel” like a modern short story? If not, what’s different? Consider all the features of a story that you have learned about (tone, character, setting, voice, pacing, climax, etc.) It is partly like a modern short story but still has some shortcomings. It is like a modern story because 1. There is a clear and consistent plot 2. The story tries to give us a moral lesson 3. It is attractive with a unforeseen conclusion. 4. Humor (?) It is not like a modern short story because 1. It misses emotion and interior access 2. Characters are stable and there is no development. • It is a European short story published in America, while no American noticed the difference. It showed at that time, there was no culture distinction between English & America.
Benjamin Franklin, Excerpt from the autobiography (1793)
Describe culture identity of America: 1. looking for a model by which they can better their lives 2.prove to the English that the Americans are a great people of virtue and industry, and America is a country which has great economic mobility. Also show 13 names of virtue by BF. (Representation of American culture identity) Guide question:
1. Examine the regiment that Franklin describes in “practical advice on obtaining a perfectly moral bearing” do any elements of this regiment seen consistent with puritan beliefs? Do any seem consistent with the ideas of the Enlightenment? Consistent to puritan beliefs: humility, chastity, tranquility, industry (?), cleanliness Consistent to ideas of the enlightenment: moderation, order, justice. Better their lives (focus on earth possessions) 2. Who do you think is Franklin’s intended audience? For whom he is laying out the secret to obtaining a “perfectly moral bearing” Intended audience is people in America & people who want better lives (to show them the virtues) Also British (prove American are industrial)
He wanted to lay out secret to obtaining a “perfectly moral bearing” for Americans. 3. Is Franklin’s advice sound? Focus particularly on the thirteen “virtues” he espouses. What advice would you give to an American today to help them live a happy and productive life? It is quite sound because he uses a lot of self experiences but still a little difficult to common people to get these 13 virtues. My advice is that people should practice their work efficiency and leadership and also to be active. • The autobiography shows finally the appearance of American culture identity.
Olaudah Equiano, from the interesting narrative of the life of olaudah equiano. (1787) Summary: Olaudah Equiano was kidnapped by native African (local people) and became salves of another Africa family. He was sold again and again and finally to Europe and had a miserable experience on the ship to Europe. Guide question.
1. About how old was Equiano when he was first kidnapped? From the few clues we receive, who do you think kidnapped him? 11 years old.
Local people (two men and a woman)
2. How is Equiano treated by the family of his master?
He is treated quite well (like son & mother) (be able to wander, food & water) 3. What kinds of life do the...