Study Guide in Lit.

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Literary Genres in the Philippine Era

Pre-Colonial Times
Legends- talks about the origin of a thing, place, location, or name. Folk tales- stories about life, adventure, love, horror and humor when one can derive lessons about life. Epics- long narrative poems in which a series of heroic achievements or events, usually of a hero, are dealt with at length. Folk Songs- are one of the oldest forms of Philippine literature that emerged in the pre-Spanish period. Epigrams (Salawikain in Tagalog)- have been customarily used and served as laws or rules on good behaviour by our ancestors. Riddles (Bugtong) or Palaisipan- are made up of one or more measured lines with rhyme and may consist of four to twelve syllables. Chant (Bulong)- used in witchcraft or enchantment.

Maxims- some are rhyming couplets with verse of 5, 6 or 8 syllables, each line having the same number of syllables. Sayings (Kasabihan)- often used in teasing or to comment on a person’s actuation. Sawikain- sayings with no hidden meanings

Spanish Period
Folk Songs- manifest the artistic feelings of the Filipinos. Recreational Plays
*Tibag- a ritual brought by Spaniards to remind the people about the search of St. Helena for the cross on which Jesus died. *Lagaylay- is a special occasion for the Pilarenos of Sorsogon during Maytime to get together. *The Cenaculo- is a dramatic performance to commemorate the passion and death of Jesus Christ. *Panunuluyan- a presentation of the search of the Virgin Mary and St. Joseph for an inn wherein to deliver the baby Jesus. *The Salubong (or Panubong)- an easter play that dramatizes the meeting of the Risen Christ and his mother. *Carillo (Shadow Play)- a form of dramatic entertainment performed on a moonless night during a town fiesta or on dark nights after a harvest. *The Zarzuela- a musical comedy or melodrama in three acts which dealt with man’s passions and emotions like love, hate, revenge, cruelty, avarice or some social and political problems. *The...
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