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Psychology 3420 Exam 1 Chapters 1-5

1. Culture is an adaptational response to three factors—____. These three factors combine to produce ways of living, and culture is an abstract concept that explains and describes those ways. 2. ____ is/are general beliefs and premises about oneself, the social and physical environment, and the spiritual world. Leung et al. (2002) demonstrated the universal existence of five types of ____ on the individual level in 41 cultural groups.

3. ____ refers to the degree to which cultures will encourage less powerful members of groups to accept that power is distributed unequally. 4. One of the most important thinking abilities that humans have that other animals apparently do not have is the ability to believe that other people ____. 5. Girls playing with dolls and boys playing with cars are examples of ____. A pregnant woman is an example of a ____. 6. ____ are evaluations of things occurring in ongoing thoughts about the things, or stored in memory. 7. Which of the following statements is true regarding Hofstede’s value dimensions? 8. Which of the following statements is true?

9. What distinguishes cultural psychology from mainstream psychology? 10. While cross-cultural research makes methodological changes in studies, in a broader sense, it is also a way of ____. 11. ____ studies use rich, complex, in-depth descriptions of culture, and cultural differences to predict and test for differences in a psychological variable. 12. To be sure one of the most important lessons to learn about cross-cultural research methods is that linguistic equivalence alone does not guarantee ____. 13. ____ are designed to examine why cultural differences may exist. Thus they make larger inferential jumps by testing theories of cross-cultural similarities and differences. 14. Perhaps the most important arena with regard to bias and equivalence may concern the issue of ____. 15. In the ____ to establishing language equivalence, several bilingual...
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