structural symbolic conflict
* “Power is the ability to get others to do what you want despite Opposition”-Max Weber
* Types of power
Physical control- coercion (threats, actual violence), force; police or military. Symbolic Control- Manipulation, intimidation
Rules of Conduct- channel behavior in desired patterns, rules. * Weber also considered power a way to influence social life.
Legitimacy of Power
- Authority: power that is considered legitimate, lawful, just. * Force+ consent = power
* Force < Consent = authority (legitimate power)
* Force > Consent = dictatorship (illegitimate power)
Gaining legitimate power:
* Traditional Authority- hereditary
* Charismatic Authority- personal characteristics (making people like you) * Rational-Legal Authority- (most typical) leadership qualifications, proven merit, proper training, ect.
State Power and Conflict
* Nation-state: a political, geographical, and cultural unit with recognizable boundaries and a system of government * Revolution: Social and Political Transformations of a nation that result when states fail to fulfill their expected responsibilities * Reform: making changed to governmental structures or social conditions in incremental steps within the existing political system.
WAR- armed conflict occurring within, between, or among societies or groups; organized mass violence. * Reasons for war: moral, religious, political, ideology, protect borders, protect economic interest, claim territory or resources; distract citizens from other problems in the country, political advantage of leaders * Avoiding war: deterrence, negotiation
* state terrorism: government use of terroristic tactics to control people Chapter 10
Institutions: Organized, patterned, and enduring sets of social structures that provide guidelines for behavior and help each society meet its basic needs or survival * Five basic institutions- 1950’s, believed it be the core structures to meet essential needs in an orderly way; family, economy, politics, religion, education * Other institutions- medicine, science, media, military. *
How to know if something is an institution
* does it meet basic needs of survival for society?
* Is a complex, routinized organization that provides social structure and guidelines? * Is it big enough to be national or global in scope?
For discussion: (essay)
How are institutions interconnected?
-education affects family: if youre more educated, better job to sustain families.. (higher educated people= lower # of kids) ppl with more education= know how to get better resources and education to preventing kids. Upper education= find life partner. ”women getting MRS degree”
-religion and economy: Protestant work ethic, American dream. ??
* Family- a unit comprised of 2 or more individuals who share a residence for a substantial period of time, have legal or moral responsibilities for long-term care of one another, and typically share one or more of the following: sex, pooling of incomes, care for children, some form of recreation * family of orientation- the one the indv. is born into; parents and possibly siblings * family of procreation- one in which an indv. takes a long-term mate and/or has their own children * are there other types of family?
Symbolic interactionism perspective
* Symbolic interactionism perspective- social construction of reality and definition of a situation both relate to how family norms are learned (ex. is it normal/acceptable to hit others? How might that be learned in a family situation?) * How might rational choice theory help to explain why ppl stay in abusive relationships? Nov. 8, 2012
* points out common purposes of family institutions in every society: sexual regulation, reproduction and replacement, socialization,...