Revisiting Approaches and Strategies in Araling Panlipunan
(by Herminigilda G. Villamar 8/2/2012)
These approaches and teaching strategies are important tools toward the development of the students’ intellect, attitudes and spirit that they may be inspired to study and understand Araling Panlipunan.
Role playing This strategy is used to provide the participants with the opportunity to “feel” the situation rather than merely intellectualize about it. Role- playing also develops empathy and greater understanding for other vantage points .It can cultivate both cognitive and affective learning.
Visualization / Imagination exercise The visualization exercise helps the participants to use their imagination. It allows them to imagine alternatives to situation of solving problems on population, environment, political and other problems that are related to country’ economic stability.
Perspective taking In this strategy, learners is asked to understand and appreciate where the other person is coming from. It is a skill used in problem solving. This entails “standing in the shoe of the other and walking in them for a while”. This device is often used to develop empathy and tolerance.
Discussion The small group discussion is a strategy that is used; to enable the individual participant’s voice to be heard. To be most effective, a discussion has to be based on factual information and good thought out ideas.
Simulation Games simulating situation of poverty, for instance, allows learners to have a better feel of the situation of being poor and allows them to be more creative in suggesting alternative to the situation on the distribution of wealth in “sharing the earth’s resources”.
Reading or writing a quotation The reading of an economic related quotation in the beginning or at the end of lesson encourages learner to think or appreciate better the concepts learned in the session.
Web charting writing a word such as “war” or “peace” on the board in the beginning of a session and inviting learners to write or draw their associations with the word stimulate thinking. It is also a good springboard for the discussion of a particular economic related concept.
Use of film and photographs The showing of film and / or photographs help create vivid images in the minds of the learners This can be followed by a discussion on messages conveyed and learners ‘ reaction .
Telling stories, including Personal Stories Learners sometimes remember the concepts we want to share through our anecdote and stories. Sharing your personal experiences related to the issue will help illustrate better the points you want to make .Such strategy also helps learners connect with you on a more personal basis .
Song /Poem Analysis Many songs and poems contain economic related messages. Allowing your students to listen to or read them, identify their favorite lines, and interpret messages will help them learn the values you want to impart in a more creative manner.
Sentence Completion Encouraging learners to complete unfinished sentences will help you know what thought and feelings they may have about a particular topic. The strategy may also be use to solicit action ideas from the participants.
Journal Writing /Individual Reflection at the end of a session, you want to invite participants to answer one or two questions that will allow them to think of their responses/reflections/reactions to an issue that has just been discussed.
Pair Share It is a discussion technique where partner groups are formed. It is a good exercise to improve listening skill.
Problem solving Problem solving is one of the most valuable learning strategies. It enables the person to use other valuable cognitive skills such as analyzing, generating option and evaluating options.
Considering position / Issue poll This activity is use to surface the differing position of participants to a controversial...
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