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Willi not a reerret in the a'lv'mg;
No matter what
'Mid cypress or laurel or
scaH'old. in open.
Or combat or martyrdom
dies for his
by Dr. Rizal
the ere of hix execution
to the hcrt)
Fort Santiago clnn^cL
THK UHOW?^ HAO;
of the life and character
cannot but be beneficial
desirous of imitating: him.
of Dr, Rizal
These pages aim
Spanish time a
fully destroyed everything relating
events in the life
mentioning Dr. Bical was sufficient
cause deportation of both zvriter
quite natural that there should he
popidar version of his
his family care-
life in this first
The statements are based on lahorions researches in government and church records, extensive inquiries among relatives, associates and confemjwraries, and a careful study of the
considerable Kizal literature, but achiowltdgment of those
obligations must Jje deferred till the puhlication of the larger worlc.
Here ii is possible only to express gratitude for the
enthusiastic interest shown by the Filipinos, and appreciation ,
of the courtesy of the Spaniards, uniformly experienced
during the five years i^i ivliich this study has been in
I^HIUPflNK KDUCifVXION PUBLISH ^fC* COMPANY
KBCJISTERED IN THE PHILIPPINES ISLANI>S
of Tranxhifiori lifiicrved .)
Press of Methodist Publishing House, Manila.
of ^Jose Rizae
^J OSE RIZAL,
the martyr- hero of the Philippines,
on the southwest shore of
the picturesque laguna of Bay, in Luzon, June 19, 18G1.
His father's family began in the Philippines with a
Chinaman named Lam co who came from the Amoy
district to Manila possibly because of the political troubles which followed the conquest of his country by the Manchu invaders. It was in 1697 that this ancestor, whose Christian name was Domingo, was baptized in the Parian
church of San Gabriel.
a merchant, he finally
stay in these Islands, and turned farmer to escape the
bitter anti Chinese prejudice which then existed in Manila.
Rftther late in life he married the daughter of a countryman who was a dealer in rice and moved into La Laguna province to become a tenant on the Dominican Friars'
estate at Biiian.
His son. Francisco Mercado y Chinco, apparently owed
his surname to the Chinese custom of looking to the appropriateness of the meaning. Sangley, the name thruout all the Philippines for Chinamen signifies "travelling trader" and in the shop Spanish cf the Islands "mercado"
was used for trader. So Lamco evidently intended that
his descendants should stop travelling but not cease being
Francisco Mercado was a name held in high honor in
La Laguna for it had belonged to a famous sea captain
who had been given the encomienda of Bay for his services and had there won the regard of those who paid tribute to him by his fairness and interest in their welfare. Francisco's son was Captain Juan Mercado y Monica
and he took...