Stna Vocabulary

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Abandonment - the act of withdrawing support of help from another person, in spite of duty or

responsibility

Abdominal thrust – also called the Heimlich maneuver; it is used to clear an obstructed airway

in an adult or a child older than 1 year old who is choking

Abduction pillow – When a person is recovering from hip joint replacement surgery, an

abduction pillow is used to help prevent the hip joint from becoming dislocated during the recover period.

Abuse – intentional act that causes harm to another person

Accidents – an unexpected, unintended event that has the potential to cause bodily injury

Activities – are bodily activities that help enhance or maintain physical fitness and overall health

Adaptive devices - are any structure, design, instrument, contrivance, or equipment that enables

a person with a disability to function independently. Examples include plate guards, grab bars, and transfer boards. Also called self-help device

- Are devices that are used to assist with completing activities of daily living

Activities of daily living (ADLs) – routine tasks of daily life, such as bathing, eating, and

grooming

Admission - The process by which patients enter into inpatient care

Admitting resident - A physician receiving specialized clinical training in a hospital, usually after

completing an internship.

Affected side – the part of the body that is affected.

Aging process – is senescence or biological aging which is the change in the biology of an organism as it

ages. The aging process depends on a combination of both genetic and environmental factors. Recognizing that every individual has his or her own unique genetic makeup and environment, which interact with each other, helps us understand why the aging process can occur at such different rates in different people.

Agitation - Agitation often accompanies dementia and often precedes the diagnosis of common age-

related disorders of cognition such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). More than 80% of people who develop AD eventually become agitated or aggressive.

- When a person with dementia is agitated, he may pace, shout, or strike out at caregivers or other residents. People with dementia often lose their ability to communicate effectively with others. So they express themselves through behavior.

Alternating pressure mattress – An alternating pressure air flotation mattress is a device intended for medical purposes that consists of a mattress with multiple air cells that can be filled and emptied in an alternating pattern by an associated control unit to provide regular, frequent, and automatic changes in the distribution of body pressure. The device is used to prevent and treat ulcers (bed sores).

Alzheimer’s disease – the most common type of dementia; characterized by the permanent and

progressive loss of the ability to think and remember caused by damage to the brain

Ambulation – to walk ; defined as ability to walk from place to place independently with or without

assistive device

Amputees – are people that have all or part of a body extremity removed by trauma or surgery

Anger – one of the stages of grief; the person realizes that she is actually going to die as a result of her

illness and has feelings of rage, which may be directed toward himself or others

Antiembolic stockings – Antiembolic stockings are also known as gradient elastic stockings. They

come in a variety of sizes depending on the size of a patient's leg and foot. They are usually prescribed by a doctor for those most at risk of developing blood clots in the legs or deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Anxiety – feeling of uneasiness, dread, apprehension, or worry

Aphasia – a general term for a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to communicate with

others; may be expressive (an inability to form words) or...
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