Speeches Module B

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SPEECHES

Funeral Service of the Unknown Soldier: Paul Keating
Context:
* 11th of November 1991 on Remembrance Day in memory of all those who died or suffered in al wars and armed conflict * Speech coincided with the 75th anniversary of the 1918 armistice that ended WW1 * In commemoration of this historic event the remains of an unknown soldier from the Western Front were returned to the Hall of Memory at the Australian War Memorial and a funeral ceremony was held * Funeral ceremony was to be officially recognized as a poignant and powerful symbol of all Australians who died in war * PM for 2 years

Summary:
* “Unknown Soldier” stands as a symbol of faith in peace, sacrifice, democracy and what it means to be Australian. * Freedom and spirit of democracy
* Keating doesn’t look to glorify war, but rather give thanks for the actions these Australian soldiers who gallantly fought to protect out lands and way of life * Calls us to celebrate the qualities of the Unknown Soldier and learn to “endure hardship…and to stick together” Themes:

* Honour and Resemblance
* Unknown Soldier is representative of all Australians who have served and died in past conflicts and possible future conflicts * Keating calls all Australians to always remember and give thanks to the selfless sacrifice of those who have served in war

* Patriotism
* Generated pride in the audience
* New Australian spirit gravitated around the core values of mate ship, courage, resilience, and the need to stick together

* War and Peace
* Honours sacrifice yet doesn’t condone war, he prefers to emphasise the brutal realities of war being a “waste of human life” cause by “political incompetence” Techniques

* INCLUSIVE LANGUAGE: “He is one of us”
* Creates a link between the speaker, audience and unknown soldier * Realize that we share the qualities of mateship, courage and resilience

* REPETITION: “We don’t know”
* Repeated to emphasise the anonymity of unknown soldier to illustrate the many possibilities of who he left behind, where he was from and his marital status

* COLLOQUIAL LANGUAGE: “Stick together” “have bonds of mateship” * Makes speech more accessible to the public and helps establish a firm connection between the speaker and his audience

* Dramatic pauses, commas and hyphens give the audience time to consider what had been said and reflect on the immense loss of life suffered by those who fought to protect Effect on contemporary listener

* In this time of terrorism and war we are reminded that Freedom from conflict is a highly valued prize.

Keynote address to the Beijing World Conference for Women- Aung San Suu Kyi Context:
* 31st of August 1995, Beijing
* Lived through most turbulent times in Burmese history
Summary:
* Acknowledgement and celebration of role of women which can be transported into public sphere * Speech was made at an NGO conference
* Trying to increase pressure on the undemocratic Burmese government * To liberate women around the world and help them to realize and fulfill their role in society as peacekeepers Themes:
* Role of women in society
* Women play a large role in helping to achieve a “peaceful life for all” * In order for world to fully appreciate the role of women they need to be given a political platform and a role in government

Techniques
* EMOTIVE LANGUAGE: “wonderful, splendid, greatest”
* Helps to congratulate the women who have organized the forum * SARCASM/IRONY: “war toys of grown men”
* Reduces men to little boys whose childish games have fatal consequences for women and children. * RELIGIOUS ALLUSIONS: “spiritual aspiration”
* Religious allusions to appeal to the religious beliefs of her audience and to justify her opinions as being approved by God. Effect on contemporary listener
* Since gender revolution the speeches portrayal of the...
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