Chapter 1, 2, and 3
Similarities between public speaking and conversation
* Organizing your thoughts logically
* Tailoring your message to your audience
* Telling your story for maximum impact
* Adapting to listener feedback
Differences between public speaking and conversation
1. Public speaking is more highly structured.
2. Requires more formal language
3. Requires a different method of delivery
Stage fright – Anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience * Your body is responding to the stressful situation – by producing extra adrenaline. * Controlling your nervousness
1. Recognize when your adrenaline kicks in the most
Nervousness include: formality of the setting, novelty of the situation, conspicuousness of being in front of a room full of eyes, degree of the attention, subordinate position. * Focus on your message
* Stop demanding perfection
* Decrease other stressors
Critical Thinking – Focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence, and the difference between fact and opinion.
Speaker – The person who is presenting an oral message to a listener
Message - Whatever the speaker communicates to someone else
Channel – The means by which a message is communicated
Listener – The person who receives the speaker’s message Frame of Reference – The sum of a person’s knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitude. No two people can have exactly the same frame of reference.
Feedback – The messages, usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker Interference – Anything impedes the communication of a message. Interference can be external or internal to listeners. Situations - The time and place in which the communication occurs.
Ethnocentrism – The belief that one’s own group or culture is superior to all other...